Advances in Cross-National Comparison

A European Working Book for Demographic and Socio-Economic Variables

  • Jürgen H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik
  • Christof Wolf

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Measuring Demographic and Socio-Economic Variables in Cross-National Research

    1. Christof Wolf, Jürgen H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik
      Pages 1-13
  3. Harmonising Demographic and Socio-Economic Variables: Objectives

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-15
    2. Manfred Ehling
      Pages 17-31
    3. Michael Braun, Rolf Uher
      Pages 33-47
  4. International Standards for Demographic and Socio-Economic Variables

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 65-65
    2. ESOMAR European Society for Opinion and Marketing Research
      Pages 97-121
  5. International Instruments for Selected Variables

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 123-123
    2. UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
      Pages 195-220
    3. Hildegard Brauns, Stefani Scherer, Susanne Steinmann
      Pages 221-244
  6. Suggested Conventions for Selected Variables for Which Comparative Instruments Do Not Exist

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 257-257
    2. Christof Wolf, Jürgen H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik
      Pages 259-265
    3. Jürgen H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik
      Pages 267-277
    4. Walter Bien, Holger Quellenberg
      Pages 279-293
    5. Bettina Langfeldt
      Pages 295-305
    6. Uwe Warner, Jürgen H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik
      Pages 307-324
  7. Cross-Cultural Comparisons: Empirical Applications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 325-325
    2. Hildegard Brauns, Markus Gangl, Stefani Scherer
      Pages 345-365
  8. Harmonising Demographic and Socio-Economic Variables: Synthesis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 387-387
    2. Jürgen H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik, Christof Wolf
      Pages 389-406
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 407-413

About this book


The book consists of five parts and a concluding chapter. Part 1 covers general problems and presents solutions for the harmonisation of data from different national and/or cultural contexts. In the second part EUROSTAT and ESOMAR present their established standard instruments. Tested instruments each covering one variable (i.e. occupation, education) are presented in the third part. The fourth part again includes suggested tools for the harmonisation of single variables for which standardised instruments are not yet available (i.e. age, religion, ethnicity, household, family, income). The last part presents selected empirical analyses demonstrating the use and fruitfulness of instruments presented before.

This book is mainly written for two groups. First, researchers and practitioners involved in comparative research in Europe. Second, researchers working with data of the statistical offices of European countries and data from institutions of the European Union.


European Union (EU) Institution Nation Sex Unemployment education gender institutions market research rating religion statistics

Editors and affiliations

  • Jürgen H. P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik
    • 1
  • Christof Wolf
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Survey Research and MethodologyMannheimGermany
  2. 2.University of CologneCologneGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-4828-3
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4419-9186-7
  • Buy this book on publisher's site