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MIPs and Their Role in the Exchange of Metalloids

  • Thomas P. Jahn
  • Gerd P. Bienert

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 679)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Charles Hachez, François Chaumont
    Pages 1-17
  3. Jonas Å. H. Danielson, Urban Johanson
    Pages 19-31
  4. Enzo Lombi, Peter E. Holm
    Pages 33-44
  5. Barry P. Rosen, Markus J. Tamás
    Pages 47-55
  6. Kyoko Miwa, Mayuki Tanaka, Takehiro Kamiya, Toru Fujiwara
    Pages 83-96
  7. Jian Feng Ma
    Pages 99-109
  8. Claus Hélix Nielsen
    Pages 127-142
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 143-145

About this book

Introduction

Sixteen years have passed since human aquaporin-1 (AQP1) was discovered as the first water channel, facilitating trans-membrane water fluxes. Subsequent years of research showed that the water channel AQP1 was only the tip of an iceberg; the iceberg itself being the ubiquitous super family of membrane intrinsic proteins (MIPs) that facilitate trans-membrane transport of water and an increasing number of small, water-soluble and uncharged compounds. Here we introduce you to the superfamily of MIPs and provide a summary about our gradually refined understanding of the phylogenetic relationship of its members. This volume is dedicated to the metalloids, a recently discovered group of substrates for a number of specific MIPs in a diverse spectrum of organisms. Particular focus is given to the essential boron, the beneficial silicon and the highly toxic arsenic. The respective MIP isoforms that facilitate the transport of these metalloids include members from several clades of the phylogenetic tree, suggesting that metalloid transport is an ancient function within this family of channel proteins. Among all the various substrates that have been shown to be transported by MIPs, metalloids take an outstanding position. While water transport seems to be a common function of many MIPs, single isoforms in plants have been identified as being crucially important for the uptake of boric acid as well as silicic acid. Here, the function seems not to be redundant, as mutations in those genes render plants deficient in boron and silicon, respectively.

Keywords

Bienert Exchange Jahn MIP Metalloids environment protein proteins protozoa toxicity

Editors and affiliations

  • Thomas P. Jahn
    • 1
  • Gerd P. Bienert
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life SciencesUniversity of CopenhagenFrederiksbergDenmark
  2. 2.Unité de Biochimie Physiologique, Institut des Sciences de la VieUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6315-4
  • Copyright Information Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4419-6314-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4419-6315-4
  • Series Print ISSN 0065-2598
  • Buy this book on publisher's site