Increasing Seismic Safety by Combining Engineering Technologies and Seismological Data

  • Marco Mucciarelli
  • Marijan Herak
  • John Cassidy

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Stefano Parolai, Matte Picozzi, Angelo Strollo, Marco Pilz, Domenico Di Giacomo, Barbara Liss et al.
    Pages 17-31
  3. Silvia Castellaro, Francesco Mulargia
    Pages 85-97
  4. Filippos Vallianatos, George Hloupis
    Pages 117-137
  5. Marco Mucciarelli
    Pages 139-140
  6. Marco Mucciarelli, Rocco Ditommaso, Maria Rosaria Gallipoli, Felice Ponzo
    Pages 141-146
  7. Dimitrios Baros, Miltiadis Kyrkos, Andreas Maravas, Stavros Anagnostopoulos
    Pages 181-206
  8. Mohammed N. Farsi, Bertrand Guillier, Jean-Luc Chatelain, Sid-Ahmed Zermout
    Pages 227-238
  9. John F. Cassidy, Sheri Molnar
    Pages 257-279

About these proceedings

Introduction

The current state-of-the-art allows seismologists to give statistical estimates of the probability of a large earthquake striking a given region, identifying the areas in which the seismic hazard is the highest. However, the usefulness of these estimates is limited, without information about local subsoil conditions and the vulnerability of buildings. Identifying the sites where a local ampli?cation of seismic shaking will occur, and identifying the buildings that will be the weakest under the seismic shaking is the only strategy that allows effective defence against earthquake damage at an affordable cost, by applying selective reinforcement only to the structures that need it. Unfortunately, too often the Earth’s surface acted as a divide between seism- ogists and engineers. Now it is becoming clear that the building behaviour largely depends on the seismic input and the buildings on their turn act as seismic sources, in an intricate interplay that non-linear phenomena make even more complex. These phenomena are often the cause of observed damage enhancement during past ear- quakes. While research may pursue complex models to fully understand soil dyn- ics under seismic loading, we need, at the same time, simple models valid on average, whose results can be easily transferred to end users without prohibitive expenditure. Very complex models require a large amount of data that can only be obtained at a very high cost or may be impossible to get at all.

Keywords

Environmental NATO PEACE Science Security Sub-Series C Vibration resonance

Editors and affiliations

  • Marco Mucciarelli
    • 1
  • Marijan Herak
    • 2
  • John Cassidy
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Structures, Soil Dynamics and Applied GeologyUniversity of BasilicataPotenzaItaly
  2. 2.Department of GeophysicsUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  3. 3.Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of CanadaSidneyCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9196-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Netherlands 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-9194-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-9196-4
  • Series Print ISSN 1874-6519
  • About this book