Real-Time and Deliberative Decision Making

Application to Emerging Stressors

  • Igor Linkov
  • Elizabeth Ferguson
  • Victor S. Magar
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Real-Time and Deliberative Decision Making: Needs and Applications

  3. Risk Assessment for Emerging Stressors

    1. I. Linkov, F. K. Satterstrom
      Pages 129-157
    2. S. M. Cormier, P. Shaw-Allen, J. F. Paul, R. L. Spehar
      Pages 159-178
    3. R. Waller
      Pages 179-190
    4. H. Sanderson, M. Thomsen, P. Fauser
      Pages 191-201
    5. L. Kapustka, R. Mccormick, K. Froese
      Pages 203-211
  4. Multicriteria Decision Analysis: Methodology and Tools

    1. T. Tervonen, J. R. Figueira, R. Lahdelma, P. Salminen
      Pages 241-253
    2. R. Neslo, F. Micheli, C. V. Kappel, K. A. Selkoe, B. S. Halpern, R. M. Cooke
      Pages 265-284
    3. D. Strimling
      Pages 285-303
    4. K. Rogers, T. Seager, I. Linkov
      Pages 305-314
    5. A. Grebenkov, A. Yakushau, A. Lukashevich, T. Sullivan, I. Linkov
      Pages 315-328
    6. E. Levner, J. Ganoulis, D. Alcaide López de Pablo, I. Linkov
      Pages 329-348
    7. J. Barzilai
      Pages 349-353
  5. Applications of Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Environmental Stressors

  6. Back Matter
    Pages 451-456

About these proceedings


Decision-making tools are needed to support environmental management in an increasingly global economy. Addressing threats and identifying actions to mitigate those threats necessitates an understanding of the basic risk assessment paradigm and the tools of risk analysis to assess, interpret, and communicate risks. It also requires modification of the risk paradigm itself to incorporate a complex array of quantitative and qualitative information that shapes the unique political and ecological challenges of different countries and regions around the world. This book builds a foundation to characterize and assess a broad range of human and ecological stressors, and risk management approaches to address those stressors, using chemical risk assessment methods and multi-criteria decision analysis tools. Chapters discuss the current state-of-knowledge with regard to emerging stressors and risk management, focusing on the adequacy of available systematic, quantitative tools to guide vulnerability and threat assessments, evaluate the consequences of different events and responses, and support decision-making. This book opens a dialogue on aspects of risk assessment and decision analysis that apply to real-time (immediate) and deliberative (long-term) risk management processes.


Environmental Environmental Management NATO Science Security Sub-Series C development life-cycle assessment

Editors and affiliations

  • Igor Linkov
    • 1
  • Elizabeth Ferguson
    • 2
  • Victor S. Magar
    • 3
  1. 1.U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development CenterConcordUSA
  2. 2.U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development CenterVicksburgUSA
  3. 3.ENVIRON International CorporationChicagoUSA

Bibliographic information