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Materials Issues for Generation IV Systems

Status, Open Questions and Challenges

  • Véronique Ghetta
  • Dominique Gorse
  • Dominique Mazière
  • Vassilis Pontikis

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. F. Carré, C. Renault, P. Anzieu, P. Brossard, P. Yvon
    Pages 25-48
  3. Gerhard Inden
    Pages 73-112
  4. G. R. Odette, H. J. Rathbun, M. Hribernik, T. Yamamoto, M. He, P. Spätig
    Pages 203-226
  5. V. V. Bulatov
    Pages 275-284
  6. J. -P. Hansen
    Pages 367-392
  7. P. Wynblatt
    Pages 393-424
  8. Dominique Chatain, Véronique Ghetta
    Pages 425-444
  9. J. Fouletier, Véronique Ghetta
    Pages 445-459
  10. E. Merle-Lucotte, D. Heuer, M. Allibert, Véronique Ghetta, C. Le Brun
    Pages 501-521
  11. J. -C. Poignet, J. Fouletier
    Pages 523-536
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 585-586

About these proceedings

Introduction

Global warming, shortage of low-cost oil resources and the increasing demand for energy are currently controlling the world's economic expansion while often opposing desires for sustainable and peaceful development. In this context, atomic energy satisfactorily fulfills the criteria of low carbon gas production and high overall yield. However, in the absence of industrial fast-breeders the use of nuclear fuel is not optimal, and the production of high activity waste materials is at a maximum. These are the principal reasons for the development of a new, fourth generation of nuclear reactors, minimizing the undesirable side-effects of current nuclear energy production technology while increasing yields by increasing operation temperatures and opening the way for the industrial production of hydrogen through the decomposition of water.

The construction and use of such reactors is hindered by several factors, including performance limitations of known structural materials, particularly if the life of the projected systems had to extend over the periods necessary to achieve low costs (at least 60 years).

This book collects lectures and seminars presented at the homonymous NATO ASI held in autumn 2007 at the Institut d’Etudes Scientifiques in Cargèse, France. The adopted approach aims at improving and coordinating basic knowledge in materials science and engineering with specific areas of condensed matter physics, the physics of particle/matter interaction and of radiation damage. It is our belief that this methodology is crucially conditioning the development and the industrial production of new structural materials capable of coping with the requirements of these future reactors.

Keywords

Diffusion Molten Salt Reactor Oxidation computer computer simulation condensed matter construction kinetics magnetism modeling nuclear energy simulation thermodynamics

Editors and affiliations

  • Véronique Ghetta
    • 1
  • Dominique Gorse
    • 2
  • Dominique Mazière
    • 3
  • Vassilis Pontikis
    • 4
  1. 1.CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC)France
  2. 2.CNRS, Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés (LSI)France
  3. 3.CEA, DRI/DAEFrance
  4. 4.CEA, Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés (LSI)France

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8422-5
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-8421-8
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-8422-5
  • Series Print ISSN 1874-6500
  • Buy this book on publisher's site