© 2007

Low-Frequency Noise In Advanced Mos Devices

  • Bridges between noise theory and modelling, characterization, CMOS technology and circuits

  • Modern with the latest advances in CMOS technology

  • Low-frequency noise in CMOS devices is examined, discussed and explained in great detail yet in an accessible and easily comprehensible way


Part of the Analog Circuits and Signal Processing Series book series (ACSP)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. Martin von Haartman, Mikael Östling
    Pages 1-26
  3. Martin von Haartman, Mikael Östling
    Pages 27-51
  4. Martin von Haartman, Mikael Östling
    Pages 53-102
  5. Martin von Haartman, Mikael Östling
    Pages 103-173
  6. Martin von Haartman, Mikael Östling
    Pages 175-187
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 211-216

About this book


Low-Frequency Noise in Advanced CMOS Devices begins with an introduction to noise, describing the fundamental noise sources and basic circuit analysis. The characterization of low-frequency noise is discussed in detail and useful practical advice is given. The various theoretical and compact low-frequency (1/f) noise models in MOS transistors are treated extensively providing an in-depth understanding of the low-frequency noise mechanisms and the potential sources of the noise in MOS transistors. Advanced CMOS technology including nanometer scaled devices, strained Si, SiGe, SOI, high-k gate dielectrics, multiple gates and metal gates are discussed from a low-frequency noise point of view. Some of the most recent publications and conference presentations are included in order to give the very latest view on the topics. The book ends with an introduction to noise in analog/RF circuits and describes how the low-frequency noise can affect these circuits.


1/f noise CMOS CMOS technology Leistungsfeldeffekttransistor MOSFETs Transistor analog circuits field-effect transistor flicker noise low-frequency noise metal oxide semiconductur field-effect transistor

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.KTH, Royal Institute of TechnologySchool of Information and Communication TechnologyKistaSweden

About the authors

The Book will be based on the following work which also is the publication list for Dr Martin von Haartman; Ph. D. Thesis: Low-frequency noise characterization, evaluation and modeling of advanced Si- and SiGe-based CMOS transistors, xx, 124 pages, 9 appended papers, Stockholm, April 2006.


M. von Haartman, D. Wu, B. G. Malm, P.-E. Hellström, S.-L. Zhang and M. Östling, "Low-frequency noise in Si0.7Ge0.3 surface channel pMOSFETs with ALD HfO2/Al2O3 gate dielectrics", Solid-State Electronics, vol. 48, pp. 2271-2275, 2004.

D. Wu, M. von Haartman, J. Seger, E. Tois, M. Tuominen, P.-E. Hellström, M. Östling, S.-L. Zhang, "Ni-salicided CMOS with a poly-SiGe/Al2O3/HfO2/Al2O3 gate stack", Microelectron Eng., vol. 77, pp. 36-41, 2005.

M. von Haartman, J. Westlinder, D. Wu, B. G. Malm, P.-E. Hellström, J. Olsson, S.-L. Zhang, M. Östling, "Investigation of low-frequency noise and Coulomb scattering in Si0.8Ge0.2 surface channel pMOSFETs with ALD Al2O3 gate dielectrics", Solid-State Electronics, vol. 49, pp. 907-914, 2005.

J. Seger, P.-E. Hellström, J. Lu, B. G. Malm, M. von Haartman, M. Östling, and S.-L. Zhang, "Lateral enroachment of Ni-silicide in the source/drain regions on ultra-thin silicon-on-insulator", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 86, 253507, 2005.

C. Isheden, P.-E. Hellström, M. von Haartman, H. H. Radamson, and M. Östling, "pMOSFETs with recessed and selectively regrown Si1-xGex source/drain junctions", Mat. Sci. Sem. Proc., vol. 8, pp. 359-362, 2005.

M. von Haartman, B. G. Malm, and M. Östling, "A comprehensive study on Low-frequency noise and mobility in Si and SiGe pMOSFETs with high-k gate dielectrics and TiN gate", IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 53, pp. 836-843, April 2006.

J. Hållstedt, M. von Haartman, P.-E. Hellström, M. Östling, and H. H. Radamson, "Hole mobility in ultra thin body SOI pMOSFETs with buried SiGe or SiGeC channels", accepted for publication in IEEE Electron Device Letters.

International conferences:

M. von Haartman, J. Hållstedt, J. Seger, B. G. Malm, H. H. Radamson, P.-E. Hellström, and M. Östling, "Low-frequency noise in SiGe channel pMOSFETs on ultra-thin SOI with Ni-silicided Source/Drain", in Proc. 18th Int. Conf. Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF), 2005, pp. 307-310.

M. von Haartman, B. G. Malm, P.-E. Hellström, and M. Östling, "Noise in Si-based MOSFETs with high-k gate dielectrics", in Proc. 18th Int. Conf. Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF), 2005, pp. 225-230. (Invited oral presentation)

Dr von Haartman also received the following honours: 2001, Gunnar Wallquist Study Medal given to the best KTH graduate each year.  2001, Best graduate of the year by the School of Electrical Engineering, KTH. 2004, IEEE Electron Devices Society Graduate Student Fellowship

CV for Mikael Östling: He has been with the faculty of EE of KTH, Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden since 1984 where he holds a position as professor in solid state electronics. Since 2001 he is head of the department of microelectronics and information technology. In December 2004 he was appointed Dean, School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH.

He was a senior visiting Fulbright Scholar 1993-94 with the center for integrated systems at Stanford University, and a visiting professor with the University of Florida, Gainesville. He initiated and was appointed program director by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research for a silicon nanoelectronics national program 2000-2007. His research interests are silicon/silicon germanium devices and process technology for very high frequency, as well as device technology for wide bandgap semiconductors with special emphasis on silicon carbide and nitride based structures. He has supervised 20 PhD theses work, and been the author of 8 book chapters and about 300 scientific papers published in international journals and conferences. He is an editor of the IEEE Electron Device Letters and a fellow of the IEEE.

Bibliographic information