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Advances in Fracture Research

Honour and Plenary Lectures Presented at the 11th International Conference on Fracture (ICF11), Held in Turin, Italy, on March 20–25, 2005

  • Alberto Carpinteri
  • Yiu-Wing Mai
  • Robert O. Ritchie

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-V
  2. Alberto Carpinteri, Yiu-Wing Mai, Robert O. Ritchie
    Pages 1-2
  3. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar
    Pages 3-11
  4. G. I. Barenblatt
    Pages 19-35
  5. G. Maier, M. Bocciarelli, G. Bolzon, R. Fedele
    Pages 47-73
  6. W. W. Gerberich, W. M. Mook, M. J. Cordill, J. M. Jungk, B. Boyce, T. Friedmann et al.
    Pages 75-100
  7. Ares J. Rosakis, Hiroo Kanamori, Kaiwen Xia
    Pages 211-218
  8. Hiroyuki Abé, Kazuhiko Sasagawa, Masumi Saka
    Pages 219-240

About these proceedings

Introduction

Biological materials are bottom-up designed systems formed from billions of years of natural evolution. In the long course of Darwinian competition for survival, nature has evolved a huge variety of hierarchical and multifunctional systems from nucleic acids, proteins, cells, tissues, organs, organisms, animal communities to ecological s- tems. Multilevel hierarchy a rule of nature. The complexities of biology provide an opportunity to study the basic principles of hierarchical and multifunctional s- tems design, a subject of potential interest not only to biomedical and life sciences, but also to nanosciences and nanotechnology. Systematic studies of how hierarchical structures in biology are related to their functions and properties can lead to better understanding of the effects of aging, diseases and drugs on tissues and organs, and may help developing a scienti?c basis for tissue engineering to improve the standard of living. At the same time, such studies may also provide guidance on the dev- opment of novel nanostructured hierarchical materials via a bottom-up approach, i. e. by tailor-designing materials from atomic scale and up. Currently we barely have any theoretical basis on how to design a hierarchical material to achieve a part- ular set of macroscopic properties. The new effort aiming to understand the re- tionships between hierarchical structures in biology and their mechanical as well as other functions and properties may provide challenging and rewarding opportunities for mechanics in the 21st century.

Keywords

biomechanics damage fatigue fracture fracture mechanics friction mechanics structural mechanics

Editors and affiliations

  • Alberto Carpinteri
    • 1
  • Yiu-Wing Mai
    • 2
  • Robert O. Ritchie
    • 3
  1. 1.Politecnico di TorinoTorinoItaly
  2. 2.University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5423-5
  • Copyright Information Springer 2006
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-4626-1
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-5423-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site