© 2006

Arguing on the Toulmin Model

New Essays in Argument Analysis and Evaluation

  • David Hitchcock
  • Bart Verheij

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-VII
  2. David Hitchcock, Bart Verheij
    Pages 1-23
  3. Stephen E. Toulmin
    Pages 25-29
  4. James F. Klumpp
    Pages 103-113
  5. Robert H. Ennis
    Pages 145-164
  6. David Hitchcock
    Pages 203-218
  7. Christian Kock
    Pages 247-259
  8. John Fox, Sanjay Modgil
    Pages 273-287

About this book


In The Uses of Argument, first published in 1958, Stephen Toulmin proposed a new model for the layout of arguments, with six components: claim, data, warrant, qualifier, rebuttal, backing. Toulmin’s model has been appropriated, adapted and extended by researchers in the fields of speech communications, philosophy and artificial intelligence. The present volume aims to bring together the best contemporary reflection in these fields on the Toulmin model and its current appropriation. The volume includes 24 articles by 27 scholars from 10 countries. All the essays are newly written, have been selected from among those received in response to a call for papers, and have been revised extensively in response to referees’ comments. They are not exegetical but substantive, extending or challenging Toulmin’s ideas in ways that make fresh contributions to the theory of analysing and evaluating arguments. Collectively, they represent the only comprehensive book-length study of the Toulmin model. They point the way to new developments in the theory of argument, including a typology of warrants, a comprehensive theory of defeaters, a rapprochement with formal logic, and a turn from propositions to speech acts as the constituents of argument.


Extension Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz artificial intelligence communication formal logic idea intelligence knowledge logic reason

Editors and affiliations

  • David Hitchcock
    • 1
  • Bart Verheij
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyMc Master UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Artificial IntelligenceRijksuniversiteit GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information