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The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate

  • Mick Follows
  • Temel Oguz

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 40)

Table of contents

About these proceedings

Introduction

Our desire to understand the global carbon cycle and its link to the climate system represents a huge challenge. These overarching questions have driven a great deal of scientific endeavour in recent years: What are the basic oceanic mechanisms which control the oceanic carbon reservoirs and the partitioning of carbon between ocean and atmosphere? How do these mechanisms depend on the state of the climate system and how does the carbon cycle feed back on climate? What is the current rate at which fossil fuel carbon dioxide is absorbed by the oceans and how might this change in the future? To begin to answer these questions we must first understand the distribution of carbon in the ocean, its partitioning between different ocean reservoirs (the "solubility" and "biological" pumps of carbon), the mechanisms controlling these reservoirs, and the relationship of the significant physical and biological processes to the physical environment. The recent surveys from the JGOFS and WOCE (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study and World Ocean Circulation Ex­ periment) programs have given us a first truly global survey of the physical and biogeochemical properties of the ocean. These new, high quality data provide the opportunity to better quantify the present oceans reservoirs of carbon and the changes due to fossil fuel burning. In addition, diverse process studies and time-series observations have clearly revealed the complexity of interactions between nutrient cycles, ecosystems, the carbon-cycle and the physical envi­ ronment.

Keywords

Ocean atmosphere climate climate change marine remote sensing

Editors and affiliations

  • Mick Follows
    • 1
  • Temel Oguz
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth Atmosphere and Planetary SciencesMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Marine SciencesMiddle East Technical UniversityTurkey

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-2087-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-2086-5
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-2087-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1568-1238
  • Buy this book on publisher's site