About this book
Most European states saw the rise of independent working-class politics before 1918 and labour movements were already prominent on the political landscape by the outbreak of war. This book attempts to explain the emergence of labour politics, which workers organised and why the views they held about politics varied from one country to another. It then explores the impact of war and revolution on European labour, asking why workers enjoyed political success in some places and not in others. A crucial factor was the division of labour politics into two hostile camps, a division which proved fatal in some places in the face of fascism.
1900 Europe fascism labour movement politics revolution