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Thin Calcium Phosphate Coatings for Medical Implants

  • Book
  • © 2009

Overview

  • First comprehensive review of the results achieved with thin calcium phosphate coatings on orthopedic and dental implants
  • Compares thin calcium phosphate coatings with thick coatings produced by current plasma-spraying techniques
  • Presents the state-of-the-art in the study of bioactive calcium phosphate coatings
  • Reviews novel methods of coating formation, physico-chemical properties, performance, and characterization techniques

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About this book

Calcium phosphate coatings ( 50 mm thick), especially those made with hyd- xyapatite (HA), produced by the plasma-spraying process have been succe- fully used on orthopedic and dental implants to improve fixation of these implants in bone. Thin calcium phosphate coatings ( 10mm thick) formed by various techniques other than plasma spraying may be the successor of the current thick plasma-sprayed coatings because of their improved properties. Like plasma-sprayed HA coatings, these alternative calcium phosphate thin coatings are capable of enabling bone formation on their surfaces and forming a bond with the newly formed bone. In addition, the thin calcium phosphate coatings have shown better adhesion to substrates and are more stable in the biological environment because they have more uniform structure and com- sition than plasma-sprayed HA coatings. Moreover, some of these thin calcium phosphate coatings can be formed on all kinds of substrates including polymers and on the entire surfaces of complex geometries such as porous surfaces.

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Table of contents (11 chapters)

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