© 2006

The Emergence of Culture

The Evolution of a Uniquely Human Way of Life


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Pages 1-10
  3. Pages 165-169
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 171-217

About this book


Paleolithic archaeologists and human paleontologists have failed to address the origins of a phenomenon that is both absolutely central to the human way of life and unique to our species. In all species of mammals, there are codes (rules, concepts, values, etc.) that govern behavior. Among humans, and only among humans, some of these codes are created socially, through interactions among individuals. Other species may learn codes socially, from their parents or other members of their species, but the codes are not created socially. Human culture is thus an emergent phenomenon, one that cannot be understood without taking into account the interactions among individuals.
Because human society creates the culture that governs individual behavior, it can control individual members in a way that other primate societies cannot. Culture can facilitate cooperative and group activities, but can also lead individuals to behave contrary to their own evolutionary best interests. This book describes the emergent nature of human culture. It proposes hypotheses to explain how a phenomenon that is potentially maladaptive for individuals could have evolved, and to explain why culture plays such a pervasive role in human life. It then reviews the primatological, fossil, and archaeological data to test these hypotheses.


Evolution Phil Phillip behavioral codes human behavior human culture paleolithic

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Museum of Archaeology and AnthropologyUniversity of Pennsylvania19104PhiladelphiaUSA

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title The Emergence of Culture
  • Book Subtitle The Evolution of a Uniquely Human Way of Life
  • Authors Philip Chase
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 2006
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Humanities, Social Sciences and Law Social Sciences (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-0-387-30512-7
  • Softcover ISBN 978-1-4419-4028-5
  • eBook ISBN 978-0-387-30674-2
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages X, 217
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Archaeology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site


From the reviews:

" The book by Philip Chase is a very original, thought-stimulating....and thanks to the authors's ability to explain complex subjects in simple words, his work may be interesting and useful reading not only for specialists...but also for everybody interested in general problems of human cultural and biological prehistory....this is a very important contributrion to the study of human culture, that deserves to be read by everybody who considers her(him)self an anthropologist."

PaleoAnthropology, 2006: 95-97

"This is a ... provocative volume about a very big topic – how humans are fundamentally unique in the way culture is generated and how the evolution of this adaptation occured. ... Chase provides readers with a thorough exposition of a view of culture that then serves as the basis for an evaluation of the development of human thought and action. ... This book will generate much stimulating discussion in advanced anthropology seminars." (Lynne A. Schepartz, Cambridge Archaeological Journal, Vol. 17 (1), 2007)