Monograph of the Spathidiida (Ciliophora, Haptoria)

Vol I: Protospathidiidae, Arcuospathidiidae, Apertospathulidae

  • Wilhelm Foissner
  • Kuidong Xu

Part of the Monographiae Biologicae book series (MOBI, volume 81)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-VII
  2. Wilhelm Foissner, Kuidong Xu
    Pages 1-53
  3. Wilhelm Foissner, Kuidong Xu
    Pages 54-56
  4. Wilhelm Foissner, Kuidong Xu
    Pages 57-154
  5. Wilhelm Foissner, Kuidong Xu
    Pages 155-329
  6. Wilhelm Foissner, Kuidong Xu
    Pages 330-384
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 385-485

About this book


The spathidiids belong to the ciliate subclass Haptoria (Protozoa, Ciliophora), that is, they are predators using toxicysts to overwhelm the prey.

Over 200 nominal spathidiid species have been described, sometimes based on seemingly minute differences. Thus, many protozoologists considered them as indeterminable and claimed for a detailed revision. The present monograph carefully revises the taxonomy, nomenclature, and ecology of all nominal species and shows that spathidiid diversity has been greatly underestimated. Based on the reinvestigation of described species with modern methods (silver impregnation, scanning electron microscopy) and the first description of over 50 new species, the family Spathidiidae is split into four families and 20 genera. Each species is described and figured in detail, making it unnecessary to go back to the original literature often difficult to obtain. Two identification keys are provided, viz., one for taxonomists and another, simple key for users not specifically trained in ciliate taxonomy.


Biodiversity Ciliophora Haptoria Spathidiids Taxonomic monograph morphology predator

Authors and affiliations

  • Wilhelm Foissner
    • 1
  • Kuidong Xu
    • 2
  1. 1.University of SalzburgAustria
  2. 2.University of SalzburgAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-4210-2
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-4735-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0077-0639
  • Buy this book on publisher's site