Ecotoxicology, Ecological Risk Assessment and Multiple Stressors

  • Gerassimos Arapis
  • Nadezhda Goncharova
  • Philippe Baveye

Part of the NATO Security Through Science Series book series (volume 6)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVI
  2. THE SCIENCE OF ECOTOXICOLOGY: ESTABLISHING THE INTERNATIONAL BASIS FOR ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT

  3. ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT AND MULTIPLE STRESSORS

  4. METHODS AND TOOLS IN ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT

About these proceedings

Introduction

The science of ecotoxicology and the practice of ecological risk assessment are evolving rapidly. Ecotoxicology as a subject area came into prominence in the 1960s after the publication of Rachel Carson's book on the impact of pesticides on the environment. The rise of public and scientific concern for the effects of chemical pollutants on the environment in the 1960s and 1970s led to the development of the discipline of ecotoxicology, a science that takes into account the effects of chemicals in the context of ecology. Until the early 1980s, in spite of public concern and interest among scientists, the assessment of ecological risks associated with natural or synthetic pollutants was not considered a priority issue by most government. However, as the years passed, a better understanding of the importance of ecotoxicology emerged and with it, in some countries, the progressive formalization of an ecological risk assessment process. Ecological risk assessment is a conceptual tool for organizing and analyzing data and information to evaluate the likelihood that one or more stressors are causing or will cause adverse ecological effects. Ecological risk assessment allows risk managers to consider available scientific information when selecting a course of action, in addition to other factors that may affect their decision (e. g. , social, legal, political, or economic). Ecological risk assessment includes three phases (problem formulation, analysis, and risk characterization).

Keywords

agroecosystems atmospheric pollution contamination ecosystem ecosystems ecotoxicology environment environmental risk assessment human health effects pest management pesticide pollutants remediation toxicology water quality

Editors and affiliations

  • Gerassimos Arapis
    • 1
  • Nadezhda Goncharova
    • 2
  • Philippe Baveye
    • 3
  1. 1.Agricultural University of AthensGreece
  2. 2.International Sakharov Environmental University MinskBelarus
  3. 3.Cornell University IthacaNew YorkU.S.A.

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4476-3
  • Copyright Information Springer 2006
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-4474-8
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-4476-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1871-4668
  • About this book