Environmental Simulation Chambers: Application to Atmospheric Chemical Processes

  • Ian Barnes
  • Krzysztof J. Rudzinski

Part of the Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Science book series (NAIV, volume 62)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIII
  2. William P. L. Carter
    Pages 27-41
  3. Robert Wagner, Helmut Bunz, Claudia Linke, Ottmar Möhler, Karl-Heinz Naumann, Harald Saathoff et al.
    Pages 67-82
  4. Viney P. Aneja, Jessica Blunden, Candis S. Claiborn, Hugo H. Rogers
    Pages 97-109
  5. Romeo-Iulian Olariu, Marius Duncianu, Cecilia Arsene, Klaus Wirtz
    Pages 121-128
  6. Claire Bloss, Michael E. Jenkin, William J. Bloss, Andrew R. Rickard, Michael J. Pilling
    Pages 143-154
  7. Iustinian Bejan, Ian Barnes, Romeo Olariu, Karl Heinz Becker, Raluca Mocanu
    Pages 155-162
  8. A. Mellouki
    Pages 163-169
  9. Lorraine Nolan, Anne-Laure Guihur, Marcus Manning, Howard Sidebottom
    Pages 171-179
  10. Sabine Crunaire, Christa Fittschen, Bernard Lemoine, Alexandre Tomas, Patrice Coddeville
    Pages 181-191
  11. Maximiliano A. Burgos Paci, Gustavo A. Argüello
    Pages 207-212
  12. M. S. Chiappero, F. E. Malanca, G. A. Argüello, S. Nishida, K. Takahashi, Y. Matsumi et al.
    Pages 213-221

About these proceedings

Introduction

Atmospheric pollution has many different detrimental impacts on air quality at urban, regional and global scales. Large volume photoreactors (often referred to as smog or simulation chambers) have been used very effectively to investigate and understand many varied aspects of atmospheric chemistry related to air pollution problems. Photochemical smog formation, which was first observed around 1945 in Los Angeles, is now a major environmental problem for all industrialised and densely populated regions of the world. Over the years many different modelling and experimental tools have been developed to analyse and simulate the complex chemical processes associated with tropspheric photooxidant formation. Work in environmental chambers has played a key role in the development of our understanding of the atmospheric chemistry associated with pollution problems on local, regional and global scales. Chamber observations have also been used in connection with environmental policy issues. In general they are used for validation of atmospheric chemical models, studies of chemical reaction mechanisms and as a direct means to test the possible impact of specific chemical compounds on air quality under simulated ambient conditions New large smog chamber installations have been recently developed in the US (Riverside, California), Europe (Jülich, Germany) and Japan, and a large number of smaller scale laboratory chambers are in operation around the world. Over the years there have been numerous new technical developments related to environmental chamber facilities such as the design of the chambers (e. g.

Keywords

Europe Meadow air pollution air quality chemistry climate ecosystem emission environment ozone pollution temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • Ian Barnes
    • 1
  • Krzysztof J. Rudzinski
    • 2
  1. 1.Physical Chemistry Dept.Bergische University WuppertalGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Physical Chemistry of the PASWarsawPoland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4232-9
  • Copyright Information Springer 2006
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-4230-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-4232-4
  • Series Print ISSN 1568-1238
  • About this book