Amazonian Dark Earths

Origin Properties Management

  • Johannes Lehmann
  • Dirse C. Kern
  • Brund Glaser
  • William I. Wodos

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Discovering Amazonian Dark Earths

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. William I. Woods
      Pages 3-14
    3. Thomas P. Myers, William M. Denevan, Antoinette Winklerprins, Antonio Porro
      Pages 15-28
    4. Eduardo G. Neves, James B. Petersen, Robert N. Bartone, Carlos Augusto Da Silva
      Pages 29-50
    5. Dirse Clara Kern, Gilmation D’aquino, Tarcisio Ewerton Rodrigues, Francisco Juvenal Lima Frazao, Wim Sombroek, Thomas P. Myers et al.
      Pages 51-75
    6. Nestor Kämpf, William I. Woods, Wim Sombroek, Dirse C. Kern, Tony J. F. Cunha
      Pages 77-102
  3. Properties of Amazonian Dark Earths

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 103-103
    2. Johannes Lehmann, Dirse Kern, Laura German, Joe Mccann, Gilvan Coimbra Martins, Adonis Moreira
      Pages 105-124
    3. Wim Sombroek, Maria De Lourdes Ruivo, Philip M. Fearnside, Bruno Glaser, Johannes Lehmann
      Pages 125-139
    4. Bruno Glaser, Georg Guggenberger, Wolfgang Zech, Maria De Lourdes Ruivo
      Pages 141-158
    5. Charles R. Clement, Joseph M. McCann, Nigel J. H. Smith
      Pages 159-178
  4. Methods for Characterization of Amazonian Dark Earths

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 203-203
    2. Bruno Glaser, Georg Guggenberger, Wolfgang Zech
      Pages 227-241
    3. Maria De Lourdes P. Ruivo, Manoel A. Arroyo-Kalin, Carlos E. R. Schaefer, Hilton T. Costi, Silvia H. De Souza Arcanjo, Hedinaldo N. Lima et al.
      Pages 243-254
    4. Newton Paulo De Souza Falcão, Nicholas Comerford, Johannes Lehmann
      Pages 255-270
    5. Wenceslau G. Teixeira, Gilvan C. Martins
      Pages 271-286
    6. Janice Thies, Keiko Suzuki
      Pages 287-332
    7. Marcondes Lima da Costa, Dirse C. Kern, Nestor Kämpf
      Pages 333-351
  5. Amazonian Dark Earth Management

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 353-353
    2. Mario Hiraoka, Shozo Yamamoto, Eiji Matsumoto, Satoshi Nakamura, Italo C. Falesi, Antonio Ronaldo et al.
      Pages 387-406
    3. Beá Madari, Vinicius de M. Benites, Tony J. F. Cunha
      Pages 407-432
    4. Julie Major, Antonio Ditommaso, Laura A. German, Joseph M. Mccann
      Pages 433-454
    5. Clark Erickson
      Pages 455-500
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 501-505

About this book


Amazonian Dark Earths are not only a testament to the vanished civilizations of the Amazon Basin, but may provide the answer to how the large, sophisticated societies were able to sustain intensive agriculture in an environment with mostly infertile soils. Locally known as Terra Preta de Indio or Indian black earth, these anomalous soils are even today fertile and highly productive. Though clearly associated with pre-European settlements questions remain whether the Dark Earths were intentionally produced or merely a by-product of habitation activities. This publication provides a comprehensive review of our current understanding of these fascinating soils: their origin, properties, and management through time. These new and multidisciplinary perspectives by leading experts on Amazonian Dark Earths may pave the way for the next revolution of soil management in the humid tropics.


Soil fertility agriculture biodiversity chemistry ecology environment soil

Editors and affiliations

  • Johannes Lehmann
    • 1
  • Dirse C. Kern
    • 2
  • Brund Glaser
    • 3
  • William I. Wodos
    • 4
  1. 1.Cornell UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Museu goeldiBrazil
  3. 3.University of BayreuthGermany
  4. 4.University of Southern IllinoisUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-1839-8
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-2597-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site