Forces, Growth and Form in Soft Condensed Matter: At the Interface between Physics and Biology

  • A. T. Skjeltorp
  • A. V. Belushkin

Part of the NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry book series (NAII, volume 160)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Jacob Israelachvili, Ilya Ladyzhinski
    Pages 1-28
  3. J. F. Joanny
    Pages 51-64
  4. David R. Nelson
    Pages 65-92
  5. N. Yu. Starovoitova, P. G. Khalatur, A. R. Khokhlov
    Pages 113-134
  6. Richard M. Berry
    Pages 145-164
  7. A. T. Skjeltorp, J. Akselvoll, K. de Lange Kristiansen, G. Helgesen, R. Toussaint, E. G. Flekkøy et al.
    Pages 165-179
  8. K. Sneppen, S. Maslov, K. A. Eriksen
    Pages 181-193
  9. M. H. Jensen, K. Sneppen, G. Tiana
    Pages 195-202
  10. David Biron, Pazit Libros, Dror Sagi, David Mirelman, Elisha Moses
    Pages 217-234
  11. Jarle Breivik
    Pages 235-242
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 243-244

About these proceedings

Introduction

This volume comprises the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Geilo, Norway, 24 March - 3 April 2003, the seventeenth ASI in a series held every two years since 1971. The objective of this ASI was to identify and discuss areas where synergism between modern physics, soft condensed matter and biology might be most fruitful. The main pedagogical approach was to have lecturers focussing on basic understanding of important aspects of the relative role of the various interaction- electrostatic, hydrophobic, steric, conformational, van der Waals etc. Soft condensed matter and the connection between physics and biology have been the themes of several earlier Geilo Schools. A return to these subjects thus allowed a fresh look and a possibility for defining new directions for research. Examples of soft materials, which were discussed at this ASI, included colloidal dispersions, gels, biopolymers and charged polymer solutions, polyelectrolytes, protein/membrane complexes, nucleic acids and their complexes. Indeed, most forms of condensed matter are soft and these substances are composed of aggregates and macromolecules, with interactions that are too weak and complex to form crystals spontaneously. A characteristic feature is that small external forces, slight perturbations in temperature, pressure or concentration, can all be enough to induce significant structural changes. Thermal fluctuations are almost by definition strong in soft materials and entropy is a predominant determinant of structure, so that disorder, slow dynamics and plastic deformation are the rule. Hence the phrase ‘soft condensed matter’ has been coined.

Keywords

AES Copolymer Helium-Atom-Streuung Polymer STEM biopolymers crystal living systems nanoparticle proteins

Editors and affiliations

  • A. T. Skjeltorp
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. V. Belushkin
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Energy TechnologyKjellerNorway
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of OsloNorway
  3. 3.Frank Laboratory of Neutron PhysicsDubnaRussia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-2340-5
  • Copyright Information Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Chemistry and Materials Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-2338-5
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-2340-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1568-2609
  • About this book