Ellipsis and Nonsentential Speech

  • Reinaldo Elugardo
  • Robert J. Stainton

Part of the En]Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy book series (SLAP, volume 81)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Reinaldo Elugardo, Robert J. Stainton
    Pages 1-26
  3. The Nature and Scope of Ellipsis

    1. Mary Dalrymple
      Pages 31-55
    2. Paul Portner, Raffaella Zanuttini
      Pages 57-67
    3. Ellen Barton, Ljiljana Progovac
      Pages 71-93
  4. Implications

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 263-266

About this book

Introduction

The papers in this volume address two main topics: Q1: What is the nature, and especially the scope, of ellipsis in natural l- guage? Q2: What are the linguistic/philosophical implications of what one takes the nature/scope of ellipsis to be? As will emerge below, each of these main topics includes a large sub-part that deals speci?cally with nonsentential speech. Within the ?rst main topic, Q1, there arises the sub-issueofwhethernonsententialspeechfallswithinthescopeofellipsisornot;within the second main topic, Q2, there arises the sub-issue of what linguistic/philosophical implications follow, if nonsentential speech does/does not count as ellipsis. I. THE NATURE AND SCOPE OF ELLIPSIS A. General Issue: How Many Natural Kinds? There are many things to which the label ‘ellipsis’ can be readily applied. But it’s quite unclear whether all of them belong in a single natural kind. To explain, consider a view, assumed in Stainton (2000), Stainton (2004a), and elsewhere. It is the view that there are fundamentally (at least) three very different things that readily get called ‘ellipsis’, each belonging to a distinct kind. First, there is the very broad phenomenon of a speaker omitting information which the hearer is expected to make use of in interpreting an utterance. Included therein, possibly as a special case, is the use of an abbreviated form of speech, when one could have used a more explicit expression. (See Neale (2000) and Sellars (1954) for more on this idea.

Keywords

Syntax communication evolution knowledge language linguistics natural language philosophy philosophy of language semantic semantics

Editors and affiliations

  • Reinaldo Elugardo
    • 1
  • Robert J. Stainton
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of OklahomaNormanUSA
  2. 2.University of Western OntarioLondonCanada

Bibliographic information