Comparative Risk Assessment and Environmental Decision Making

  • Igor Linkov
  • Abou Bakr Ramadan

Part of the Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences book series (NAIV, volume 38)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. I. Linkov, A. Varghese, S. Jamil, T. P. Seager, G. Kiker, T. Bridges
      Pages 15-54
  3. Comparative Risk Assessment: Methods, Tools and Applications

  4. Environmental Decision Making

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 169-169
    2. L. James Valverde Jr.
      Pages 195-211
    3. D. Hassenzahl
      Pages 245-252
    4. I. Linkov, L. Kapustka, A. Grebenkov, A. Andrizhievski, A. Loukashevich, A. Trifonov
      Pages 253-265

About these proceedings


Decision making in environmental projects is typically a complex and confusing process characterized by trade-offs between socio-political, environmental, and economic impacts. Comparative Risk Assessment (CRA) is a methodology applied to facilitate decision making when various activities compete for limited resources. CRA has become an increasingly accepted research tool and has helped to characterize environmental profiles and priorities on the regional and national level. CRA may be considered as part of the more general but as yet quite academic field of multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA). Considerable research in the area of MCDA has made available methods for applying scientific decision theoretical approaches to multi-criteria problems, but its applications, especially in environmental areas, are still limited. The papers show that the use of comparative risk assessment can provide the scientific basis for environmentally sound and cost-efficient policies, strategies, and solutions to our environmental challenges.


classification environment environmental risk assessment pesticides risk assessment

Editors and affiliations

  • Igor Linkov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abou Bakr Ramadan
    • 3
  1. 1.ICF ConsultingLexingtonUSA
  2. 2.Cambridge Environmental, Inc.CambridgeUSA
  3. 3.Egyptian Atomic Energy AuthorityCairoEgypt

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-1895-4
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-2243-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1568-1238
  • About this book