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Geology and Ecosystems

International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) Commission on Geological Sciences for Environmental Planning (COGEOENVIRONMENT) Commission on Geosciences for Environmental Management (GEM)

  • Igor S. Zektser
  • Brian Marker
  • John Ridgway
  • Liliya Rogachevskaya
  • Genrikh Vartanyan

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Geological Environment as a Basement for the Formation of Ecosystems

    1. Julius Taminskas, Ricardas Paskauskas, Audrius Zvikas, Jonas Satkunas
      Pages 61-76
  3. Environmental Impacts of the Extractive Industries

    1. Igor S. Zektser
      Pages 91-105
    2. Leonid I. Elpiner, Andrey Ye. Shapovalov
      Pages 107-111
  4. Anthropogenic Development, Geology and Ecosystems

    1. Brian Marker
      Pages 123-147
    2. Zhanna V. Kuz’mina, S.Y. Treshkin
      Pages 149-160
    3. Roald G. Dzhamalov
      Pages 183-193
  5. Medical Problems Related to Geology and Ecosystem Interaction

    1. Olle Selinus, Robert B. Finkelman, Jose A. Centeno
      Pages 197-218
  6. Prediction of the Geoenvironmental Evolution of Ecosystems

    1. Arkady I. Sheko, Vladimir S. Krupoderov
      Pages 229-246
    2. Jonas Satkunas, Julius Taminskas, Naum G. Oberman
      Pages 265-280
  7. Newest Ecogeological Processes Within River Basins

    1. T. Balyuk, J.H. van Den Berg
      Pages 295-301
  8. Main Directions for Ecogeological Studies

    1. G. Vartanyan
      Pages 303-307
    2. G. Vartanyan
      Pages 335-339
    3. Naum G. Oberman
      Pages 341-354
    4. Viktor T. Trofimov, Vladimir M. Shvets
      Pages 355-361
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 363-392

About this book

Introduction

Geology and Ecosystems examines the relationship between biological communities of the Earth and objects of inorganic nature of the geological environment. Rational and sustainable development of society requires an ever-growing exploitation of natural resources, among which mineral and water resources play a dominant role. During recent decades, we have observed a high rate of human invasion into our geological structure, mainly through extraction of minerals, hydrocarbons, groundwater, etc. These impacts together with day-to-day human activity, cause destruction to the Earth’s surface and near-surface environment and upset the balance of sustainable development. In turn, due to increasing anthropogenic impact, the geological components which serve as the basic substrate and foundations for all ecosystems, are changed from their natural original state and the relationship between the ‘living tissue and inert nature’ (i.e. relationship between the biosphere and the geosphere) is significantly affected.

This book includes an analysis of the relationship between the different geological, hydrochemical, hydrogeological and engineering-geological processes and the processes within surface ecosystems. The analysis of specific interactions between the lithosphere and biosphere provides an integrated concept of the role of the geological environment in the evolution of the biosphere. The practical significance of the book is reflected by the analysis of modern engineering activity associated with the mining of minerals, excessive groundwater withdrawal, disposal of industrial and domestic wastes (including radioactive wastes) and their impacts on all components of the environment.

Geology and Ecosystems includes a scientific approach to the complex monitoring of the environment under different natural and anthropogenic conditions, including the monitoring of permafrost regions. An important part of the book is the analysis of the "water factor" impact on ecosystems and sustainable development. Influences of intensive groundwater extraction on river flow, vegetation and land subsidence are also considered.

This book is intended as a professional update for environmental scientists, analysts, environmental health care professionals, geologists, ecologists, hydrologists, and other professionals with an interest in the Earth's environments and with environmental protection.

Keywords

Permafrost ecosystem ecosystems environment environmental protection mining

Editors and affiliations

  • Igor S. Zektser
    • 1
  • Brian Marker
    • 2
  • John Ridgway
    • 3
  • Liliya Rogachevskaya
    • 1
  • Genrikh Vartanyan
    • 4
  1. 1.Russian Academy of SciencesRussia
  2. 2.Minerals and Waste Planning DivisionUK
  3. 3.British Geological SurveyUK
  4. 4.Russian Academy of Natural SciencesRussia

Bibliographic information