Electrochemistry of Immobilized Particles and Droplets

  • Fritz Scholz
  • Uwe Schröder
  • Rubin Gulaboski

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIII
  2. Pages 19-30
  3. Pages 31-74
  4. Pages 75-181
  5. Pages 183-253
  6. Pages 255-284
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 285-290

About this book


Immobilizing particles or droplets on electrodes is a novel and most powerful technique for studying the electrochemical reactions of three-phase systems. It gives access to a wealth of information, ranging from quantitative and phase analysis to thermodynamic and kinetic data of electrode processes. Three-phase electrodes with immobilized droplets provide information on the electrochemistry of redox liquids and of compounds dissolved in inert organic liquids. Such measurements allow the determination of the Gibbs energies of the transfer of cations and anions between immiscible solvents, and thus make it possible to assess the hydrophobicity of ions – a property that is of great importance for pharmaceutical applications, biological studies, and for many fields of chemistry.
The monograph gives, for the first time, a comprehensive overview of the results published in more than 300 papers over the last 15 years. The experiments are explained in detail, applications from many different fields are presented, and the theoretical basis of the systems is outlined.


Material Sciences Mineralogy Pharmacological Chemistry Physical Chemistry electrochemistry

Authors and affiliations

  • Fritz Scholz
    • 1
  • Uwe Schröder
    • 2
  • Rubin Gulaboski
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für Chemie und BiochemieUniversität GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Chemie und BiochemieUniversität GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany
  3. 3.Departamento de Quimica, Faculdade de CienciasUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal

Bibliographic information