About this book
This work develops the methodology according to which classes of discontinuous functions are used in order to investigate a correctness of boundary-value and initial boundary-value problems for the cases with elliptic, parabolic, pseudoparabolic, hyperbolic, and pseudohyperbolic equations and with elasticity theory equation systems that have nonsmooth solutions, including discontinuous solutions.
With the basis of this methodology, the monograph shows a continuous dependence of states, namely, of solutions to the enumerated boundary-value and initial boundary-value problems (including discontinuous states) and a dependence of solution traces on distributed controls and controls at sectors of n-dimensional domain boundaries and at n–1-dimensional function-state discontinuity surfaces (i.e., at mean surfaces of thin inclusions in heterogeneous media). Such an aspect provides the existence of optimal controls for the mentioned systems with J.L. Lions’ quadratic cost functionals.
Besides this, the authors consider some new systems, for instance, the ones described by the conditionally correct Neumann problems with unique states on convex sets, and such states admit first-order discontinuities. These systems are also described by quartic equations with conjugation conditions, by parabolic equations with constraints that contain first-order time state derivatives in the presence of concentrated heat capacity, and by elasticity theory equations.
In a number of cases, when a set of feasible controls coincides with corresponding Hilbert spaces, the authors propose to use the computational algorithms for the finite-element method. Such algorithms have the increased order of the accuracy with which optimal controls are numerically found.
This book is intended for specialists in applied mathematics, scientific researchers, engineers, and postgraduate students interested in optimal control of heterogeneous distributed systems with states described by boundary-value and initial boundary-value problems.