New Aspects of Human Ethology

  • Alain Schmitt
  • Klaus Atzwanger
  • Karl Grammer
  • Katrin Schäfer

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt
    Pages 1-23
  3. Peter K. Smith
    Pages 47-64
  4. Karl Sigmund
    Pages 65-76
  5. R. I. M. Dunbar
    Pages 77-89
  6. Karl Grammer, Valentina Filova, Martin Fieder
    Pages 91-120
  7. Thomas J. Bouchard Jr
    Pages 121-140
  8. C. Sue Carter
    Pages 141-162
  9. R. Robin Baker
    Pages 163-188
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 225-239

About this book


Rough-and-tumble play provided one of the paradigmatic examples of the appli- tion of ethological methods, back in the 1970's. Since then, a modest number of - searchers have developed our knowledge of this kind of activity, using a variety of methods, and addressing some quite fundamental questions about age changes, sex diff- ences, nature and function of behaviour. In this chapter I will review work on this topic, mentioning particularly the interest in comparing results from different informants and different methods of investigation. Briefly, rough-and-tumble play (or R&T for short) refers to a cluster of behaviours whose core is rough but playful wrestling and tumbling on the ground; and whose general characteristic is that the behaviours seem to be agonistic but in a non-serious, playful c- text. The varieties of R&T, and the detailed differences between rough-and-tumble play and real fighting, will be discussed later. 2. A BRIEF HISTORY OF RESEARCH ON R&T In his pioneering work on human play, Groos (1901) described many kinds of rough-and-tumble play. However, R&T was virtually an ignored topic from then until the late 1960's. There was, of course, a flowering of observational research on children in the 1920s and 1930s, especially in North America; but this research had a strong practical o- entation, and lacked the cross-species perspective and evolutionary orientation present in Groos' work.


behavior communication development emotion evolution

Editors and affiliations

  • Alain Schmitt
    • 1
  • Klaus Atzwanger
    • 2
  • Karl Grammer
    • 3
  • Katrin Schäfer
    • 4
  1. 1.Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institute for Urban EthologyViennaAustria
  2. 2.Research Center for Human Ethology Max-Planck-SocietyAndechsGermany
  3. 3.Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institute for Urban EthologyViennaAustria
  4. 4.Institute for Human BiologyViennaAustria

Bibliographic information