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© 2002

Traffic Theory

  • Authors
Book

Part of the International Series in Operations Research & Management Science book series (ISOR, volume 50)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Pages 101-184
  3. Back Matter
    Pages 245-259

About this book

Introduction

“Everything should be made as simple as possible—but not simpler” Albert Einstein Traffic Theory, like all other sciences, aims at understanding and improving a physical phenomenon. The phenomenon addressed by Traffic Theory is, of course, automobile traffic, and the problems associated with it such as traffic congestion. But what causes congestion? Some time in the 1970s, Doxiades coined the term "oikomenopolis" (and "oikistics") to describe the world as man's living space. In Doxiades' terms, persons are associated with a living space around them, which describes the range that they can cover through personal presence. In the days of old, when the movement of people was limited to walking, an individual oikomenopolis did not intersect many others. The automobile changed all that. The term "range of good" was also coined to describe the maximal distance a person can and is willing to go in order to do something useful or buy something. Traffic congestion is caused by the intersection of a multitude of such "ranges of good" of many people exercising their range utilisation at the same time. Urban structures containing desirable structures contribute to this intersection of "ranges of good". xii Preface In a biblical mood, I opened a 1970 paper entitled "Traffic Control -- From Hand Signals to Computers" with the sentence: "In the beginning there was the Ford".

Keywords

traffic transportation transportation systems

Bibliographic information

Reviews

From the reviews:

"This is a well-written book on traffic theory, dealing with some popular models of traffic flow as well as the identification of appropriate use of the various models. … This is a competently written book, which should be of interest to researchers … . Material from this book could also be used in courses on Transportation Science, the application of Queueing Theory, the application of Graph Theory, and the application of Optimal Control." (Hanqin Zhang, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1103 (5), 2007)