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Social Media Communication Data for Recovery

Detecting Socio-Economic Activities Following a Disaster

  • Yuya Shibuya
Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Introduction and Framework

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Yuya Shibuya
      Pages 3-17
    3. Yuya Shibuya
      Pages 19-37
    4. Yuya Shibuya
      Pages 39-56
  3. Empirical Studies of Socio-Economic Activities After the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 57-58
    2. Yuya Shibuya
      Pages 59-74
    3. Yuya Shibuya
      Pages 75-85
    4. Back Matter
      Pages 87-88
  4. People as Sensors for Socio-Economic Recovery Activities

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 89-90
    2. Back Matter
      Pages 135-139
  5. A Case Study of Hurricane Sandy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 141-142
    2. Yuya Shibuya
      Pages 143-153
    3. Back Matter
      Pages 161-161
  6. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 163-164
    2. Yuya Shibuya
      Pages 165-176
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 177-228

About this book

Introduction

This book explores the possibility of using social media data for detecting socio-economic recovery activities. In the last decade, there have been intensive research activities focusing on social media during and after disasters. This approach, which views people’s communication on social media as a sensor for real-time situations, has been widely adopted as the “people as sensor” approach. Furthermore, to improve recovery efforts after large-scale disasters, detecting communities’ real-time recovery situations is essential, since conventional socio-economic recovery indicators, such as governmental statistics, are not published in real time. Thanks to its timeliness, using social media data can fill the gap. 
  
Motivated by this possibility, this book especially focuses on the relationships between people’s communication on Twitter and Facebook pages, and socio-economic recovery activities as reflected in the used-car market data and the housing market data in the case of two major disasters: the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011 and Hurricane Sandy in 2012. The book pursues an interdisciplinary approach, combining e.g. disaster recovery studies, crisis informatics, and economics. 
  
In terms of its contributions, firstly, the book sheds light on the “people as sensors” approach for detecting socio-economic recovery activities, which has not been thoroughly studied to date but has the potential to improve situation awareness during the recovery phase. Secondly, the book proposes new socio-economic recovery indicators: used-car market data and housing market data. Thirdly, in the context of using social media during the recovery phase, the results demonstrate the importance of distinguishing between social media data posted both by people who are at or near disaster-stricken areas and by those who are farther away.

Keywords

Crisis Informatics Socio-Economic Recovery Disaster Recovery Social Media Market Data Big Data Used-Car Market Housing Market Twitter Facebook Data Science

Authors and affiliations

  • Yuya Shibuya
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information StudiesUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

Bibliographic information