Microbes and Enzymes in Soil Health and Bioremediation

  • Ashok Kumar
  • Swati Sharma

Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 16)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Ashok Kumar, Tanvi Sharma, Sikandar I. Mulla, Hesam Kamyab, Deepak Pant, Swati Sharma
    Pages 1-10
  3. Tarun Gangar, Kamal Kumar Bhardwaj, Reena Gupta
    Pages 11-37
  4. Maria-Guadalupe Sánchez-Otero, Rodolfo Quintana-Castro, Jorge Guillermo Domínguez-Chávez, Carolina Peña-Montes, Rosa María Oliart-Ros
    Pages 39-73
  5. Prakriti Singh, Gayatri Dhumal
    Pages 75-97
  6. Esther Jamir, Rajiv Das Kangabam, Kasmika Borah, Abhijit Tamuly, H. P. Deka Boruah, Yumnam Silla
    Pages 99-132
  7. Neetu Sharma, Abhinashi Singh, Sonu Bhatia, Navneet Batra
    Pages 133-148
  8. Abhishek Sharma, Taruna Sharma, Tanvi Sharma, Shweta Sharma, Shamsher Singh Kanwar
    Pages 149-164
  9. María Pilar Guauque-Torres, Ana Yanina Bustos
    Pages 165-209
  10. Lauren Sara McKee, Annie Rebekah Inman
    Pages 225-254
  11. Supriyanka Rana, Priyatharishini Mardarveran, Reena Gupta, Lakhveer Singh, Zularisam ab Wahid
    Pages 255-275
  12. Maricy Raquel Lindenbah Bonfá, Rodrigo Matheus Pereira, Rômulo Penna Scorza Júnior, Caio César Achiles do Prado
    Pages 277-304
  13. Sikandar I. Mulla, Ram Naresh Bharagava, Dalel Belhaj, Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale, Ashok Kumar, Aruliah Rajasekar et al.
    Pages 305-320
  14. María del Carmen Molina, Luis Fernando Bautista, Ignacio Belda, Manuel Carmona, Eduardo Díaz, Gonzalo Durante-Rodríguez et al.
    Pages 321-351
  15. Kuttuvan Valappil Sajna, Lalitha Devi Gottumukkala
    Pages 353-378

About this book


Microbial enzymes play a vital role in maintaining soil health and removing pollutants from contaminated land. Soil microflora is closely associated with maintaining soil fertility, and the use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers and other volatile sprays in agriculture threatens the health ofthe microbial population in the soil. Every single particle of healthy soil contains millions of bacteria, which interact with the nutrients available, sustaining the nutrient cycle and making this microflora an essential component of life on earth. How do microbes help in the nutrient cycle? Either by intracellular digestion of macromolecules and converting these into smaller units in their metabolic pathways, or by secreting enzymes into the extracellular environment to facilitate the conversion of complex macromolecules into micro-molecules that can be easily absorbed by other living species. To meet demands for energy and food for the growing global population, it is important to protect agricultural land from contamination and maintain its productivity. Heavy metal ions from contaminated land canenter crops, fish or aquatic organismsvia contaminated water, and theseare then taken up by the human body, where they can accumulate and alter the normal microflora.

The microbiological component of the soil is ahighly complex system and is still not fully understood. How do microbes survive in the changing physicochemical environment of soil?. This book helps readers understand the mechanism, various routes of microbialsoil remediation, the interactionsof different genera, and how microbial enzymes support the sustainable restoration of healthy soil.


Enzymes Soil fertility Pollution Microorganisms Bioremediations

Editors and affiliations

  • Ashok Kumar
    • 1
  • Swati Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology and BioinformaticsJaypee University of Information TechnologyWaknaghatIndia
  2. 2.University Institute of Biotechnology (UIBT)Chandigarh UniversityMohaliIndia

Bibliographic information