Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Siu-Cheung Kong, Harold Abelson, Ming Lai
    Pages 1-10 Open Access
  3. Computational Thinking and Tool Development

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
    2. H. Ulrich Hoppe, Sören Werneburg
      Pages 13-30 Open Access
    3. Evan W. Patton, Michael Tissenbaum, Farzeen Harunani
      Pages 31-49 Open Access
  4. Student Competency and Assessment

  5. Computational Thinking and Programming Education in K-12

  6. Computational Thinking in K-12 STEM Education and Non-formal Learning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 201-201
    2. P. Kevin Keith, Florence R. Sullivan, Duy Pham
      Pages 223-245 Open Access
    3. Sue Inn Ch’ng, Yeh Ching Low, Yun Li Lee, Wai Chong Chia, Lee Seng Yeong
      Pages 247-260 Open Access

About this book


This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.
This book offers a comprehensive guide, covering every important aspect of computational thinking education. It provides an in-depth discussion of computational thinking, including the notion of perceiving computational thinking practices as ways of mapping models from the abstraction of data and process structures to natural phenomena. Further, it explores how computational thinking education is implemented in different regions, and how computational thinking is being integrated into subject learning in K-12 education. In closing, it discusses computational thinking from the perspective of STEM education, the use of video games to teach computational thinking, and how computational thinking is helping to transform the quality of the workforce in the textile and apparel industry.


Competency Development Computational Thinking Education K-12 Education Programming Education STEM Education Supporting Computational Thinking Development Student Competency and Assessment Non-formal Learning Open Access

Editors and affiliations

  • Siu-Cheung Kong
    • 1
  • Harold Abelson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Information TechnologyThe Education University of Hong KongHong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence LaboratoryMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

About the editors

Kong Siu-Cheung is currently a Professor at the Department of Mathematics and Information Technology, and Director of the Centre for Learning, Teaching and Technology at the Education University of Hong Kong. Prof. Kong holds a doctorate from the City University of Hong Kong and served as President of the Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education (2016-2017), following previous terms as President-Elect (2012-2013) and President (2014-2015). He is currently Editor-in-Chief of the international journal Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning, and of the Journal of Computers in Education. In addition, Prof. Kong is currently leading a four-year project (2016 to 2020) on computational thinking education in K-12. 
Hal Abelson is a Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA. Abelson has a longstanding interest in using computation as a conceptual framework in teaching. He is director of the MIT Appinventor project, used by 8 million people a year, which brings the power of mobile app development to beginners in computing. He directed the first implementation of the Logo computer language for the Apple Computer, which made programming for children widely available on personal computers beginning in 1981. Together with Gerald Sussman, Abelson developed MIT’s introductory computer science subject, Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs, which is based on the notion that a computer language is primarily a formal medium for expressing ideas about methodology, rather than just a way to get a computer to perform operations. This work, with the help of a popular computer science textbook and video lectures, has since had a global impact on university-level computer science education. Abelson is a founding director of the Free Software Foundation and Public Knowledge, as well as a founding director of Creative Commons. 

Bibliographic information