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Electric-Double-Layer Coupled Oxide-Based Neuromorphic Transistors Studies

  • Changjin Wan

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Changjin Wan
    Pages 1-32
  3. Changjin Wan
    Pages 99-101
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 103-107

About this book

Introduction

This book focuses on essential synaptic plasticity emulations and neuromorphic computing applications realized with the aid of three-terminal synaptic devices based on ion-coupled oxide-based electric-double-layer (EDL) transistors.

To replicate the robust, plastic and fault-tolerant computational power of the human brain, the emulation of essential synaptic plasticity and computation of neurons/synapse by electronic devices are generally considered to be key steps. The book shows that the formation of an EDL at the dielectric/channel interface that slightly lags behind the stimuli can be attributed to the electrostatic coupling between ions and electrons; this mechanism underlies the emulation of short-term synaptic behaviors. Furthermore, it demonstrates that electrochemical doping/dedoping processes in the semiconducting channel by penetrated ions from electrolyte can be utilized for the emulation of long-term synaptic behaviors. Lastly, it applies these synaptic transistors in an artificial visual system to demonstrate the potential for constructing neuromorphic systems. Accordingly, the book offers a unique resource on understanding the brain-machine interface, brain-like chips, artificial cognitive systems, etc. 

Keywords

Electric-double-layer (EDL) modulation Oxide-based EDL transistors Synaptic devices Neuromorphic engineering Synaptic plasticity emulations Neuromorphic computing applications

Authors and affiliations

  • Changjin Wan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-3314-9
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Chemistry and Materials Science
  • Print ISBN 978-981-13-3313-2
  • Online ISBN 978-981-13-3314-9
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • Buy this book on publisher's site