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Patient-Specific Controller for an Implantable Artificial Pancreas

  • Yvonne  Ho

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Yvonne Ho
    Pages 1-9
  3. Yvonne Ho
    Pages 11-17
  4. Yvonne Ho
    Pages 19-34
  5. Yvonne Ho
    Pages 81-84

About this book

Introduction

The thesis focuses on the control of blood glucose devices and design of implantable devices, and offers valuable insights on diabetes mellitus and related physiology and treatments. Diabetes mellitus is a widespread chronic disease in the modern world that affects millions of people around the globe. In Singapore, one in ten of the population has diabetes, and the severity of the problem has prompted the country’s prime minister to talk about the disease at the National Day Rally in 2017. 

Designing an artificial pancreas that can provide effective blood glucose control for individuals with diabetes is one of the most challenging engineering problems. The author reports on research into the development of an implantable artificial pancreas that can regulate blood glucose levels by delivering appropriate dosages of insulin when necessary. 

By sensing blood glucose and injecting insulin directly into the vein, the implantable device aims to remove delays that occur with subcutaneous blood glucose sensing and insulin delivery. Preliminary in-vitro and in-vivo experimental results suggest that the implantable device for blood glucose control could be a clinically viable alternative to pancreas transplant.

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus Blood Glucose Monitoring Glucose Metabolism Insulin Delivery Glucose-Insulin System Model Predictive Controller Interior Point Ant Algorithm Glucose-Insulin Dynamics UVa/Padova Simulator Virtual Patient Primal-Dual Interior Point Method

Authors and affiliations

  • Yvonne  Ho
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2402-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-981-13-2401-7
  • Online ISBN 978-981-13-2402-4
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • Buy this book on publisher's site