Discrete Optimization in Architecture

Building Envelope

  • Machi¬†Zawidzki

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Architectural Design and Technology book series (BRIEFSARCHIDE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. What is Building Envelope?

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Machi Zawidzki
      Pages 3-11
  3. Dynamic Shading

  4. Static Shading

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 111-111
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 121-121

About this book


This book explores the extremely modular systems that meet two criteria: they allow the creation of structurally sound free-form structures, and they are comprised of as few types of modules as possible. Divided into two parts, it presents Pipe-Z (PZ) and Truss-Z (TZ) systems. PZ is more fundamental and forms spatial mathematical knots by assembling one type of unit (PZM). The shape of PZ is controlled by relative twists of a sequence of congruent PZMs. TZ is a skeletal system for creating free-form pedestrian ramps and ramp networks among any number of terminals in space. TZ structures are composed of four variations of a single basic unit subjected to affine transformations (mirror reflection, rotation and combination of both).



Adaptive Architecture Aperture Building Envelope Building Facade Cellular Automaton Daylighting Dihedral Rotation Discrete Optimization Dynamic Shading Emergence Evolutionary Algorithm Free-form Surface Grayness Function Initial Condition Intelligent Building Organic Architecture Pattern Distribution Regular (Platonic) Tessellation Shading Square Triangular Hexagonal Grid

Authors and affiliations

  • Machi¬†Zawidzki
    • 1
  1. 1.MIT CambridgeUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Author(s) 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-981-10-1390-4
  • Online ISBN 978-981-10-1391-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2199-580X
  • Series Online ISSN 2199-5818
  • Buy this book on publisher's site