Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. The Proliferation of NSAs Involved in Armed Conflict

  3. The Regulation of NSAs Involved in Armed Conflict Beyond IHL

  4. The Development of IHL by NSAs

  5. The Emergence of Horizontal Interactions Between NSAs

About this book


This book challenges the traditional approach to international law by concentrating on international humanitarian law and placing the focus beyond States: it reflects on current legal, policy and practical issues that concern non-State actors in and around situations of armed conflict.

With the emergence of the nation-State, international law was almost entirely focused on inter-State relations, thus excluding - for the most part - non-State entities. In the modern era, such a focus needs to be adjusted, in order to encompass the various types of functions and interactions that those entities perform throughout numerous international decision-making processes.

The contributions that comprise this volume are oriented towards a broad readership audience in the academic and professional fields related to international humanitarian law, international criminal law, international human rights law and general public international law.

Ezequiel Heffes, LLM, is a Thematic Legal Adviser in the Policy and Legal Unit at Geneva Call in Geneva, Switzerland, Marcos D. Kotlik, LLM, is Academic Coordinator at the Observatory of International Humanitarian Law of the University of Buenos Aires, School of Law and was a Judicial Fellow at the International Court of Justice between 2018-2019, and Manuel J. Ventura, LLM (Hons), is an Associate Legal Officer in the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals, an Adjunct Fellow at the School of Law at Western Sydney University, and a Director of The Peace and Justice Initiative.


non-State actors International Humanitarian Law International Organizations non-State armed groups Non-Governmental Organizations human rights bodies International Court of Justice International Committee of the Red Cross Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocols private military and security companies

Editors and affiliations

  • Ezequiel Heffes
    • 1
  • Marcos D. Kotlik
    • 2
  • Manuel J. Ventura
    • 3
  1. 1.Policy and Legal UnitGeneva CallChêne-Bougeries, GenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Observatory of International Humanitarian Law, School of LawUniversity of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Office of the ProsecutorInternational Residual Mechanism for Criminal TribunalsArushaTanzania

Bibliographic information