Private Tutoring Across the Mediterranean

Power Dynamics and Implications for Learning and Equity

  • Mark Bray
  • André E. Mazawi
  • Ronald G. Sultana

Part of the Comparative and International Education book series (CIEDV)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vi
  2. Mark Bray, André E. Mazawi, Ronald G. Sultana
    Pages 1-10
  3. Boris Jokić, Andrea Soldo, Zrinka Ristić Dedić
    Pages 11-27
  4. Iasonas Lamprianou, Thekla Afantiti Lamprianou
    Pages 29-56
  5. Sarah Hartmann
    Pages 57-75
  6. Anne-Claudine Oller, Dominique Glasman
    Pages 77-91
  7. Michael Kassotakis, Athanasios Verdis
    Pages 93-113
  8. Giovanna Campani
    Pages 115-128
  9. Michael A. Buhagiar, Deborah A. Chetcuti
    Pages 129-149
  10. António Neto-Mendes, Jorge Adelino Costa, Alexandre Ventura, Sara Azevedo, Andreia Gouveia
    Pages 151-165
  11. Armand Faganel, Anita Trnavčevič
    Pages 167-176
  12. Hülya Koşar Altinyelken
    Pages 187-204
  13. André E. Mazawi, Ronald G. Sultana, Mark Bray
    Pages 205-216
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 217-221

About this book


Private tutoring—supplementary, out-of-school instruction offered at a fee to individuals or groups—represents a substantial household expenditure, even in systems that claim to have free public education. It plays out across, alongside, and even within some school systems. Emerging as a ‘shadow education’, private tutoring now operates as a system and industry crossing national, regional, and social-class boundaries. Private tutoring is provided through different modes of delivery including the internet. Policy makers, parents, teachers, trade unions, corporations, community associations, and students are implicated in the private tutoring industry. The debates over private tutoring are therefore part of the larger struggles over the ends of education in just and equitable societies. The authors in this volume address diverse national settings of private tutoring across the Mediterranean, and examine its political, economic, social, and cultural underpinnings. They draw on a range of conceptual frameworks, and deploy a variety of research methods to problematize the multifaceted relationships between tutoring, learning, and equity. The volume captures a multiplicity of voices, and focuses on some of the central challenges facing education in pluralistic societies


Mediterranean comparative education equity and education private tutoring

Editors and affiliations

  • Mark Bray
    • 1
  • André E. Mazawi
    • 2
  • Ronald G. Sultana
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Hong KongChina
  2. 2.University of British ColumbiaCanada
  3. 3.University of MaltaMalta

Bibliographic information