State and Market in Higher Education Reforms

Trends, Policies and Experiences in Comparative Perspective

  • Hans G. Schuetze
  • Germán Álvarez Mendiola
  • Diane Conrad

Part of the Comparative and International Education book series (CIEDV, volume 13)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vi
    1. Hans G. Schuetze, Germán Álvarez Mendiola
      Pages 1-5
    2. Germán Álvarez Mendiola
      Pages 7-23
    3. Rollin Kent
      Pages 25-39
  2. The Americas

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 41-41
    2. Dale Kirby
      Pages 43-55
    3. Juan Carlos Silas Casillas
      Pages 69-78
    4. Angélica Buendía Espinosa
      Pages 79-95
    5. Ana García De Fanelli
      Pages 97-111
  3. Europe

  4. Asia

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 166-166
    2. Qiang Zha
      Pages 167-180
    3. Fengliang Zhu, Sumin Li
      Pages 181-199
    4. Shinichi Yamamoto
      Pages 201-211
  5. Conclusions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 213-213
    2. Wietse De Vries, Maria Slowey
      Pages 215-223
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 225-229

About this book


Universities have never been static. Even so, it is fair to say they have experienced a most radical transformation in the past twenty years. During this period, the role and responsibility of the state generally have been broadly limited while allowing ‘market forces’--private ownership and control--more influence. But even where the state is still the main provider or funder, it relies increasingly on ‘market mechanisms’, for example contractual relations between state and institutions, competition among providers for resources, and external assessment of ‘outputs’ which means the results or impact of what universities do, in particular teaching and research. The new terminology speaks of price and competition, inputs and outputs, resources, cost and benefits, demand and supply, provider and customer, consumers and investors, quality control and accountability. Education, and post-secondary education especially are increasingly seen as matters for markets. Formal post-secondary education becomes a service, commercialized and traded across national borders. This volume on changing relationship between state and market, contains, besides an introductory analytic overview of the issues, accounts from different countries, regions, and thematic perspectives. Chapter authors describe and analyze government reforms and other developments that have directly or indirectly affected this relationship. Although the geographical focus is on North America, especially Mexico, South East Asia and Europe, the phenomenon is not limited to these regions and countries but worldwide.


competition market mechanisms

Editors and affiliations

  • Hans G. Schuetze
    • 1
  • Germán Álvarez Mendiola
    • 2
  • Diane Conrad
    • 3
  1. 1.The University of British ColumbiaCanada
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación y de Estudios AvanzadosMexico
  3. 3.Athabasca UniversityCanada

Bibliographic information