Life Cycle Impact Assessment

  • Michael Z. Hauschild
  • Mark A.J. Huijbregts

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Michael Z. Hauschild, Mark A. J. Huijbregts
    Pages 1-16
  3. Annie Levasseur
    Pages 39-50
  4. Joe L. Lane
    Pages 51-73
  5. Olivier Jolliet, Peter Fantke
    Pages 75-96
  6. Sebastien Humbert, Peter Fantke, Olivier Jolliet
    Pages 97-113
  7. Philipp Preiss
    Pages 115-138
  8. Ralph K. Rosenbaum
    Pages 139-162
  9. Rosalie van Zelm, Pierre-Olivier Roy, Michael Z. Hauschild, Mark A. J. Huijbregts
    Pages 163-176
  10. Andrew D. Henderson
    Pages 177-196
  11. Llorenç Milà i Canals, Laura de Baan
    Pages 197-222
  12. Stephan Pfister
    Pages 223-245
  13. Pilar Swart, Rodrigo A. F. Alvarenga, Jo Dewulf
    Pages 247-269
  14. Alexis Laurent, Michael Z. Hauschild
    Pages 271-300
  15. Norihiro Itsubo
    Pages 301-330
  16. Back Matter
    Pages 331-339

About this book


This book offers a detailed presentation of the principles and practice of life cycle impact assessment. As a volume of the LCA compendium, the book is structured according to the LCIA framework developed by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)passing through the phases of definition or selection of impact categories, category indicators and characterisation models (Classification): calculation of category indicator results (Characterisation); calculating the magnitude of category indicator results relative to reference information (Normalisation); and converting indicator results of different impact categories by using numerical factors based on value-choices (Weighting).

Chapter one offers a historical overview of the development of life cycle impact assessment and presents the boundary conditions and the general principles and constraints of characterisation modelling in LCA. The second chapter outlines the considerations underlying the selection of impact categories and the classification or assignment of inventory flows into these categories. Chapters three through thirteen exploreall the impact categories that are commonly included in LCIA, discussing the characteristics of each followed by a review of midpoint and endpoint characterisation methods, metrics, uncertainties and new developments, and a discussion of research needs. Chapter-length treatment is accorded to Climate Change; Stratospheric Ozone Depletion; Human Toxicity; Particulate Matter Formation; Photochemical Ozone Formation; Ecotoxicity; Acidification; Eutrophication; Land Use; Water Use; and Abiotic Resource Use. The final two chapters map out the optional LCIA steps of Normalisation and Weighting.


LCIA characterisation LCIA classification LCIA normalisation Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) Weighting

Editors and affiliations

  • Michael Z. Hauschild
    • 1
  • Mark A.J. Huijbregts
    • 2
  1. 1.Division for Quantitative Sustainability Assessment, Department of Management EngineeringTechnical University of Denmark (DTU)LyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science, Institute for Water and Wetland ResearchRadboud UniversityNijmegenThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-94-017-9743-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-9744-3
  • Series Print ISSN 2214-3505
  • Series Online ISSN 2214-3513
  • Buy this book on publisher's site