Near-critical and Supercritical Water and Their Applications for Biorefineries

  • Zhen Fang
  • Chunbao (Charles) Xu

Part of the Biofuels and Biorefineries book series (BIOBIO, volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Fundamentals of Supercritical Water

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Yizhak Marcus
      Pages 3-39
    3. Sergey Artemenko, Victor Mazur, Pieter Krijgsman
      Pages 41-68
  3. Reactor Design

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 131-131
    2. I-Ming Chou, Zhiyan Pan
      Pages 157-178
    3. Pablo Cabeza, Joao Paulo Silva Queiroz, M. Dolores Bermejo, Angel Martín, Fidel Mato, M. José Cocero
      Pages 179-205
    4. Mohammad S. H. K. Tushar, Animesh Dutta, Chunbao (Charles) Xu
      Pages 207-228
  4. Near-Critical and Supercritical Water Applications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 229-229
    2. Zhengang Liu, Rajasekhar Balasubramanian, S. Kent Hoekman
      Pages 231-260
    3. Mesut Akgün, Onur Ömer Söğüt
      Pages 261-298
    4. Jude A. Onwudili, Paul T. Williams
      Pages 299-322
    5. Izad Behnia, Zhongshun Yuan, Paul Charpentier, Chunbao (Charles) Xu
      Pages 323-341
    6. Jessica Hoffmann, Thomas H. Pedersen, Lasse A. Rosendahl
      Pages 373-400
    7. M. Dolores Bermejo, Ángel Martín, Joao Paulo Silva Queiroz, Pablo Cabeza, Fidel Mato, M. José Cocero
      Pages 401-426
    8. Yukihiko Matsumura, Tau Len-Kelly Yong
      Pages 427-443
    9. Dawood Al-Mosuli, Shahzad Barghi, Zhen Fang, Chunbao (Charles) Xu
      Pages 445-471
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 473-474

About this book


The book provides fundamental chemistry and properties of near-critical water (NCW) and supercritical water (SCW), criteria and challenges/solutions in reactor design for NCW and SCW processes, and up-to-date reviews and practice of a wide range of their applications in biorefineries including: production of hydrochars from biomass, SCW oxidation (SCWO) for waste treatment, SCW gasification (SCWG) of biomass and waste for hydrogen and methane production, hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass, production of chemicals, and SCWO of biofuels for energy. It also presents techno-economic analysis of hydrogen production via SCWG of biomass. The book will be highly essential for both academic researchers and industrial practitioners for developing novel biorefinery technologies and processes employing NCW or SCW for treatment of various organic waste streams and production of bio-energy and bio-based chemicals from bio-renewable resources.

Prof. Dr. Zhen Fang is leader and founder of biomass group, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

Dr.  Chunbao (Charles) Xu is currently an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering and NSERC/FPInnovations Industrial Research Chair in Forest Biorefinery at Western University, Canada.


Supercritical and near-critical water bio-chemicals bio-energy biorefinery industrial applications reactor design

Editors and affiliations

  • Zhen Fang
    • 1
  • Chunbao (Charles) Xu
    • 2
  1. 1.Chinese Academy of SciencesXishuangbanna Tropical Botanical GardenKunmingChina
  2. 2.Western UniversityLondonCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-94-017-8922-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-8923-3
  • Series Print ISSN 2214-1537
  • Series Online ISSN 2214-1545
  • Buy this book on publisher's site