© 2000

Functional Models of Cognition

Self-Organizing Dynamics and Semantic Structures in Cognitive Systems

  • Arturo Carsetti

Part of the Theory and Decision Library book series (TDLA, volume 27)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-5
  2. Introduction

    1. Arturo Carsetti
      Pages 7-23
  3. Models of Cognition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 25-25
    2. Franz M. Wuketits
      Pages 27-38
    3. Domenico Parisi
      Pages 39-49
  4. Self-Organization, Complexity and Truth

  5. Methods of Formal Analysis in the Cognitive Sciences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 199-199
    2. Moshe Koppel, Henri Atlan
      Pages 201-209
    3. Jean Petitot
      Pages 233-252

About this book


Our ontology as well as our grammar are, as Quine affirms, ineliminable parts of our conceptual contribution to our theory of the world. It seems impossible to think of enti­ ties, individuals and events without specifying and constructing, in advance, a specific language that must be used in order to speak about these same entities. We really know only insofar as we regiment our system of the world in a consistent and adequate way. At the level of proper nouns and existence functions we have, for instance, a standard form of a regimented language whose complementary apparatus consists of predicates, variables, quantifiers and truth functions. If, for instance, the discoveries in the field of Quantum Mechanics should oblige us, in the future, to abandon the traditional logic of truth functions, the very notion of existence, as established until now, will be chal­ lenged. These considerations, as developed by Quine, introduce us to a conceptual perspective like the "internal realist" perspective advocated by Putnam whose principal aim is, for cer­ tain aspects, to link the philosophical approaches developed respectively by Quine and Wittgenstein. Actually, Putnam conservatively extends the approach to the problem of ref­ erence outlined by Quine: in his opinion, to talk of "facts" without specifying the language to be used is to talk of nothing.


Cognition Cognitive science Cognitivism Connectionism Perception cognitive systems complexity complexity theory knowledge language programming semantics subject

Editors and affiliations

  • Arturo Carsetti
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Rome “Tor Vergata”Italy

Bibliographic information