Import Tariffs as Environmental Policy Instruments

  • Christiane┬áKraus

Part of the Economy & Environment book series (ECEN, volume 19)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Christiane Kraus
    Pages 1-15
  3. Christiane Kraus
    Pages 165-178
  4. Christiane Kraus
    Pages 179-182
  5. Christiane Kraus
    Pages 183-201
  6. Christiane Kraus
    Pages 203-223
  7. Christiane Kraus
    Pages 225-227
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 229-249

About this book


The theoretical claims for eco-tariffs are rigorously analyzed within a unified framework formed of an international trade model enriched with both a domestic and a global externality. During the course of the analysis the model is modified to analyze an array of contexts for which eco-tariffs have been claimed to improve environmental quality or welfare. The circumstances and conditions are characterised under which such tariffs can be shown to improve environmental quality and social welfare, taking account of general equilibrium effects. The theoretical results are applied in a policy analysis of eco-tariffs and other trade instruments in the context of domestic and global environmental policy in order to assess the relevance of the eco-tariffs that have been subjected to the theoretical analysis. Finally, the GATT/WTO rules and regulations are presented, since to date these have banned the use of eco-tariffs. The rules and regulations are mapped against the theoretical results to show which rules ought to be changed.


Import Policy WTO environment environmental policy equilibrium general equilibrium international trade trade policy welfare

Authors and affiliations

  • Christiane┬áKraus
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The World BankUSA
  2. 2.Hannover UniversityHannoverGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2000
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-5461-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-015-9614-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0924-1019
  • Buy this book on publisher's site