Air-Sea Exchange: Physics, Chemistry and Dynamics

  • G. L. Geernaert

Part of the Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library book series (ATSL, volume 20)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Gerald L. Geernaert
    Pages 1-24
  3. Gerald L. Geernaert
    Pages 25-48
  4. V. K. Makin, V. N. Kudryavtsev
    Pages 73-125
  5. Tetsu Hara, Jeffrey E. Hare, James B. Edson, James M. Wilczak
    Pages 127-152
  6. James M. Wilczak, James B. Edson, Jørgen Højstrup, Tetsu Hara
    Pages 153-173
  7. A. Smedman, U. Högström, H. Bergström, K. K. Kahma
    Pages 175-196
  8. Christopher A. Vogel, Timothy L. Crawford
    Pages 231-245
  9. Larry Mahrt
    Pages 247-267
  10. Jakob Mann
    Pages 437-461
  11. Hampton Shirer, George Young, Robert Wells, Aric Rogers, Jeremy Rishel, Richard Mason et al.
    Pages 463-505
  12. Gerald. L. Geernaert
    Pages 557-574
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 575-579

About this book


During the 1980's a wealth of information was reported from field and laboratory experiments in order to validate andlor modify various aspects of the surface layer Monin-Obukhov (M-O) similarity theory for use over the sea, and to introduce and test new concepts related to high resolution flux magnitudes and variabilities. For example, data from various field experiments conducted on the North Sea, Lake Ontario, and the Atlantic experiments, among others, yielded information on the dependence of the flux coefficients on wave state. In all field projects, the usual criteria for satisfying M-O similarity were applied. The assumptions of stationarity and homogeneity was assumed to be relevant over both small and large scales. In addition, the properties of the outer layer were assumed to be "correlated" with properties of the surface layer. These assumptions generally required that data were averaged for spatial footprints representing scales greater than 25 km (or typically 30 minutes or longer for typical windspeeds). While more and more data became available over the years, and the technology applied was more reliable, robust, and durable, the flux coefficients and other turbulent parameters still exhibited significant unexplained scatter. Since the scatter did not show sufficient reduction over the years to meet customer needs, in spite of improved technology and heavy financial investments, one could only conclude that perhaps the use of similarity theory contained too many simplifications when applied to environments which were more complicated than previously thought.


Coast Ocean atmosphere climate marine modelling moisture water

Editors and affiliations

  • G. L. Geernaert
    • 1
  1. 1.National Environmental Research InstituteRoskildeDenmark

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1999
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-5308-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-015-9291-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1383-8601
  • Buy this book on publisher's site