Classical Marble: Geochemistry, Technology, Trade

  • Norman Herz
  • Marc Waelkens

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 153)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Introductory Chapters

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Marc Waelkens, Paul De Paepe, Luc Moens
      Pages 11-28
  3. Quarries and Quarrying Technology

  4. Preliminary Dressing of Extracted Material

  5. Trade and Archaeological Use of Marble

  6. Techniques for Determining Provenance: Multivariate Petrographical and Chemical Approaches

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. L. Moens, P. Roos, J. De Rudder, P. De Paepe, J. Van Hende, M. Waelkens
      Pages 243-250
    3. K. Germann, G. Gruben, H. Knoll, V. Valis, F. J. Winkler
      Pages 251-262
    4. P. Roos, L. Moens, J. De Rudder, P. De Paepe, J. Van Hende, M. Waelkens
      Pages 263-272
  7. Techniques for Determining Provenance: Trace Element Analysis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 273-273
    2. Apostolos P. Grimanis, Maria Vassilaki-Grimani
      Pages 275-281
    3. S. Meloni, M. Oddone, E. Mello, D. Monna
      Pages 293-301
  8. Techniques for Determining Provenance: Stable Isotope Analysis

  9. Techniques for Determining Provenance: Xeroradiography, ESR Spectroscopy, X-Ray Powder Diffractometry, and Pore-Size Distribution

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 355-355
    2. Giraud V. Foster, Harry Loats, Norman Herz, David B. Wenner
      Pages 357-367
    3. R. V. Lloyd, A. Tranh, S. Pearce, M. Cheeseman, D. N. Lumsden
      Pages 369-377
  10. Provenance Determination Applied to Ancient Artifacts

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 387-387

About this book


Marble in Ancient Greece and Rome: Geology, Quarries, Commerce, Artifacts Marble remains the sine qua non raw material of the an­ cient Greeks and Romans. Beginning in the Bronze Age sculptu­ re began in marble and throughout classical times the most im­ portant statues, reliefs, monuments and inscriptions were made of it. Yet, quarry sources changed in time as preferences for different marbles were influenced by local traditions, the pos­ sibilities of transport, esthetic tastes, and economics. Marble studies and the identification of the provenance of marble can thus reveal much about Greek and Roman history, trade, esthe­ tics and technology. Persons in many disciplines are studying various aspects of Greek and Roman marble usage. Geologists and geochemists are working on methods to determine the provenance of marble; ar­ chaeologists are noting changing patterns of import and use in excavation~ and discovering how improving quarrying techniques and prelimihary dressing of the extracted material influenced the final shape of artifacts; ancient historians are now under­ standing quarry organization and bureaucracies that controlled marble production and trade; art historians are seeing how phy­ sical characteristics of the stone affected the techniques and style of sculpture; architects and engineers are interested in quarry technologies and usage in building construction. These specialists drawn from many disciplines rarely have an opportu­ nity to compare notes and see how each can contribute to the research effort of others.


artifacts chemistry geochemistry geology inscriptions

Editors and affiliations

  • Norman Herz
    • 1
  • Marc Waelkens
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Department of ArchaeologyN.F.S.R. and Catholic University of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-8313-5
  • Online ISBN 978-94-015-7795-3
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site