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Advances in Parenteral Nutrition

Proceedings of an International Symposium held in Bermuda, 16–19th May, 1977

  • Ivan D. A. Johnston

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Foundations of Parenteral Nutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. I. D. A. Johnston
      Pages 3-20
  3. Carbohydrates in Parenteral Nutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. D. Newton, H. Connor, H. F. Woods
      Pages 29-44
    3. P. Vinay, D. Bourbeau, G. Lemieux, A. Duranceau, A. Gougoux
      Pages 45-60
  4. Amino Acids in Parenteral Nutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 83-83
    2. P. Fürst, J. Bergström, E. Vinnars, B. Schildt, B. Holmström
      Pages 85-106
    3. G. L. Blackburn, H. Y. Rienhoff Jr.
      Pages 119-140
    4. K. J. Foster, K. G. M. M. Alberti, S. J. Karran
      Pages 141-161
  5. Fat Emulsions in Parenteral Nutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 163-163
    2. D. E. F. Tweedle
      Pages 165-178
    3. R. L. Holliday, T. Viidik, B. Jennings
      Pages 179-194
    4. U. Freund, A. L. Durst, Y. Krausz, I. S. Levij, M. Eliakim
      Pages 211-218
    5. T. D. Darby, R. F. Wallin
      Pages 219-229
  6. Trace Elements in Parenteral Nutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. G. S. Fell, R. R. Burns
      Pages 241-261
  7. Parenteral Nutrition in Paediatrics

  8. Control of Infection in Parenteral Nutrition

  9. Biochemical Aspects of Parenteral Nutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 389-389
    2. D. Bourbeau, P. Vinay, G. Lemieux, A. Gougoux, A. Duranceau
      Pages 391-401
    3. R. K. Ausman, G. Hardy
      Pages 403-413
  10. Clinical Aspects of Parenteral Nutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 427-427
    2. K. J. Foster, K. G. M. M. Alberti, N. Allen, J. Jenkins, R. M. Kammerling, S. J. Karran et al.
      Pages 447-459
    3. A. Sitges-Creus, E. Canadas, L. Vilar
      Pages 461-472
    4. E. M. Copeland III, S. J. Dudrick
      Pages 473-499
  11. Parenteral Nutrition and Body Composition: Assessment of Therapy

  12. Back Matter
    Pages 573-581

About this book

Introduction

Parenteral nutrition has been one of the most significant therapeutic advances of the past twenty years. Many patients have survived very serious illness only because of intravenous nutrition for either short or very long periods of time. The indications for parenteral nutrition are simple and can be summarised as the inability to ingest necessary nutrients for a significant time during increased metabolic demands. Many problems in the preparation of energy sources and amino acid solutions have been solved so that the time is opportune to review what has been achieved and discuss recent advances and current thinking in the light of future requirements. The next phase in parenteral nutrition will undoubtedly be the provision of regimens designed for specific situations. The needs of the neonate for example are known to differ from adult requirements. The choice of carbohydrate for intravenous use has been a matter of much of glucose both in biochemical and clinical terms discussion. The supremacy now seems well established. The value of intravenous fat is well documented, but the interchange of fat and carbohydrate as calorie sources and the effects of prolonged infusions of fat merit further investigation. The evidence that isotonic amino acids are utilized effectively when given alone due to the availability of endogenous energy sources has led to a greater understanding of the metabolic changes and demands associated with injury and sepsis.

Keywords

nutrition

Editors and affiliations

  • Ivan D. A. Johnston
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Newcastle-Upon-TyneUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-7188-5
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1978
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-011-7190-8
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-7188-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site