Opportunities for Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Rice and Other Non-Legumes

Papers presented at the Second Working Group Meeting of the Frontier Project on Nitrogen Fixation in Rice held at the National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE), Faisalabad, Pakistan, 13–15 October 1996

  • Editors
  • J. K. Ladha
  • F. J. de Bruijn
  • K. A. Malik

Part of the Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences book series (DPSS, volume 75)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. J. K. Ladha, W. L. Barraquio, L. Revilla
    Pages 15-24
  3. K. A. Malik, Rakhshanda Bilal, Samina Mehnaz, G. Rasul, M. S. Mirza, S. Ali
    Pages 37-44
  4. G. Kirchhof, V. M. Reis, J. I. Baldani, B. Eckert, J. Döbereiner, A. Hartmann
    Pages 45-55
  5. Barbara Reinhold-Hurek, Thomas Hurek
    Pages 57-64
  6. Ivan R. Kennedy, Lily L. Pereg-Gerk, Craig Wood, Rosalind Deaker, Kate Gilchrist, Sunietha Katupitiya
    Pages 65-79
  7. P. M. Reddy, J. K. Ladha, R. B. So, R. J. Hernandez, M. C. Ramos, O. R. Angeles et al.
    Pages 81-98
  8. Youssef G. Yanni, R. Y. Rizk, V. Corich, A. Squartini, K. Ninke, S. Philip-Hollingsworth et al.
    Pages 99-114
  9. G. Webster, C. Gough, J. Vasse, C. A. Batchelor, K. J. O’Callaghan, S. L. Kothari et al.
    Pages 115-122
  10. Clare Gough, Jacques Vasse, Christine Galera, Gordon Webster, Edward Cocking, Jean Dénarié
    Pages 123-130
  11. B. G. Rolfe, M. A. Djordjevic, J. J. Weinman, U. Mathesius, C. Pittock, E. Gärtner et al.
    Pages 131-144
  12. Rita Colnaghi, Andrew Green, Luhong He, Paul Rudnick, Christina Kennedy
    Pages 145-154
  13. A. Van Dommelen, E. Van Bastelaere, V. Keijers, J. Vanderleyden
    Pages 155-160
  14. Gary Stacey, Naoto Shibuya
    Pages 161-169
  15. A. M. Hirsch, Y. Fang, S. Asad, Y. Kapulnik
    Pages 171-184
  16. Ray Dixon, Qi Cheng, Gui-Fang Shen, Anil Day, Mandy Dowson-Day
    Pages 193-203

About this book


During the next 30 years, farmers must produce 70% more rice than the 550 millions tons produced today to feed the increasing population. Nitrogen (N) is the nutrient that most frequently limits rice production. At current levels ofN use efficiency, we will require at least double the 10 million tons of N fertilizer that are currently used each year for rice production. Global agriculture now relies heavily on N fertilizers derived from petroleUIll, which, in turn, is vulnerable to political and economic fluctuations in the oil markets. N fertilizers, therefore, are expensive inputs, costing agriculture more than US$45 billion annually. Rice suffers from a mismatch of its N demand and N supplied as fertilizer, resulting in a 50-70% loss of applied N fertilizer. Two basic approaches may be used to solve this problem One is to regulate the timing ofN application based on needs of the plants, thus partly increasing the efficiency of the plants' use of applied N. The other is to increase the ability of the rice system to fix its own N. The latter approach is a long-term strategy, but it would have enormous environmental benefits while helping resource-poor farmers. Furthermore, farmers more easily adopt a genotype or variety with useful traits than they do crop and soil management practices that may be associated with additional costs.


Chloroplast Expression Phytohormon Symbiose arabidopsis thaliana biotechnology development gene transfer genetic engineering nitrogen plant roots systematics transport wheat

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1997
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-4748-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-7113-7
  • Buy this book on publisher's site