Rocks and Landforms

  • A. J. Gerrard

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 1-14
  3. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 15-54
  4. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 55-84
  5. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 85-106
  6. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 107-137
  7. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 138-169
  8. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 170-207
  9. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 208-230
  10. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 231-258
  11. A. J. Gerrard
    Pages 259-274
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 275-319

About this book


Geomorphology can be defined simply as the study of landforms. Landforms are the result of the interaction between what Ritter (1978) has called the driving and resisting forces. The driving forces or processes are the methods by which energy is exerted on earth materials and include both surface, geomorphological or exogenous processes and subsurface, geological or endogenous processes. The resisting forces are the surface materials with their inherent resistances determined by a complex combination of rock properties. Stated in these simple terms it would be expected that both sides of the equation be given equal weight in syntheses of landform evolution. However, this has not been the case. Until about the 1950s, geomorphology was mainly descriptive and concerned with producing time-dependent models of landscape evolution. Although the form of the land was the main focus, there was little detailed mention of process and scant attention to the properties of surface materials. There were, of course, exceptions. In the late 19th century G.K. Gilbert was stressing the equilibrium between landforms and processes. Many hydrologists were examining the detailed workings of river 'systems and drainage basins, culminating in the classic paper of Horton (1945).


Denudation Geomorphology erosion evolution igneous rock

Authors and affiliations

  • A. J. Gerrard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of BirminghamUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-011-5985-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-5983-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site