Crashworthiness of Transportation Systems: Structural Impact and Occupant Protection

  • Jorge A. C. Ambrósio
  • Manuel F. O. Seabra Pereira
  • Fernando Pina da Silva

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 332)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Impact Biomechanics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. D. C. Viano, A. I. King
      Pages 25-51
    3. Faris A. Bandak
      Pages 53-93
  3. Road Data, Compatibility Issues and Testing

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 113-113
    2. Claude H. E. Tarriere
      Pages 139-170
    3. Pierluigi L. Ardoino
      Pages 189-205
  4. Occupant Simulation Models

  5. Structural Impact

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 261-261
    2. Norman Jones
      Pages 263-290
    3. Wlodek Abramowicz
      Pages 291-320
  6. Finite Element Modelling in Crashworthiness

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 361-361
    2. E. Haug, J. Clinckemaillie, X. Ni, A. K. Pickett, T. Queckborner
      Pages 401-417
  7. Multibody Dynamics Approaches

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 419-419
    2. J. A. C. Ambrósio, M. S. Pereira
      Pages 475-521
  8. Aircraft Crash Protection

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 523-523
  9. Conclusions and Future Trends

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 613-613
    2. J. A. C. Ambrósio, W. Abramowicz, N. Jones, A. King
      Pages 615-624
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 625-631

About this book


A systematic treatment of current crashworthiness practice in the automotive, railroad and aircraft industries. Structural, exterior and interior design, occupant biomechanics, seat and restraint systems are dealt with, taking account of statistical data, current regulations and state-of-the-art design tool capabilities. Occupant kinematics and biomechanics are reviewed, leading to a basic understanding of human tolerance to impact and of the use of anthropometric test dummies and mathematical modelling techniques. Different types of restraining systems are described in terms of impact biomechanics. The material and structural behaviour of vehicle components is discussed in relation to crash testing. A variety of commonly used techniques for simulating occupants and structures are presented, in particular the use of multibody dynamics, finite element methods and simplified macro-elements, in the context of design tools of increasing complexity, which can be used to model both vehicles and occupants.
Audience: An excellent reference for researchers, engineers, students and all other professionals involved in crashworthiness work.


biomechanics calculus design dynamics finite element method kinematics mechanics model modeling simulation testing

Editors and affiliations

  • Jorge A. C. Ambrósio
    • 1
  • Manuel F. O. Seabra Pereira
    • 1
  • Fernando Pina da Silva
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Engenharia MecânicaInstituto Superior TécnicoLisboaPortugal

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-6447-7
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-5796-4
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site