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Effluents from Alternative Demilitarization Technologies

  • Francis W. Holm

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASDT, volume 22)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Edmund W. Libby, Mark D. Chatfield
    Pages 13-25
  3. Raymond Flesner, P. C. Dell’Orco, T. Spontarelli, R. L. Bishop, C. B. Skidmore, K. Uher et al.
    Pages 35-45
  4. Tomas Macek, M. Macková, J. Burkhard, Katerina Demnerová
    Pages 71-84
  5. T. Guenegou, A. Jardy, M. Caude, A. Tambute
    Pages 85-101
  6. Vinutha S. Gowda, Francis W. Holm
    Pages 155-158
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 215-217

About this book

Introduction

FRANCIS W. HOLM 30 Agua Sarca Road, Placitas, New Mexico 1. Overview The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) sponsored an Advanced Research in Prague, Czech Republic, on October 13-15, 1997, to collect and Workshop (ARW) study information on effluents from alternative demilitarization technologies and to report on these fmdings. The effluents, orprocess residues, identified for assessment at the workshop are generated by systems that have been proposed as alternatives to incineration technology for destruction of munitions, chemical warfare agent, and associated materials and debris. The alternative technologies analyzed are grouped into three categories based on process bulk operating temperature: low (0-200 C), medium (200-600 C), and high (600-3,500 C). Reaction types considered include hydrolysis, biodegradation, electrochemical oxidation, gas-phase high-temperature reduction, steam reforming, gasification, sulfur reactions, solvated electron chemistry, sodium reactions, supercritical water oxidation, wet air oxidation, and plasma torch technology. These ofprocesses, some of which have been studied categories represent a broad spectrum only in the laboratory and some of which are in commercial use for destruction of hazardous and toxic wastes. Some technologies have been developed and used for specific commercial applications; however, in all cases, research, development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E) is necessary to assure that each technology application is effective for destroying chemical warfare materiel. Table 1 contains a list of more than 40 technologies from a recent report for the U.S. Army [1]. Many ofthe technologies in Table 1 are based on similar principles.

Keywords

Technologie environment hydrogen hydrolysis management water

Editors and affiliations

  • Francis W. Holm
    • 1
  1. 1.PlacitasUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5310-2
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-5254-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-5310-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-1820
  • Buy this book on publisher's site