Conversion of Former BTW Facilities

  • Erhard Geissler
  • Lajos Gazsó
  • Ernst Buder

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASDT, volume 21)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Ernst Buder, Erhard Geissler
    Pages 1-10
  3. Malcolm R. Dando
    Pages 25-43
  4. Anthony Rimmington
    Pages 167-186
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 209-222

About this book


The development, production, stockpiling and use in war of biological and toxin weapons are prohibited by international law. Although not explicitly stated, the two treaties outlawing such activities, the Geneva Protocol of 1925 and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention of 1972, prohibit the continuation of activities previously performed in Biological and Toxin Weapons facilities not justified for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes. Because conversion and other means of cessation of former BTW facilities are not explicitly addressed in the treaties mentioned above the problems involved in conversion ofBTW facilities have thus far only been discussed marginally in the open literature. In times of increased awareness of the danger of biological and toxin warfare (including the increased danger of terrorist use of biological and toxin weapons) it seemed necessary to us to invite experts from different parts of the world to discuss the pros and cons of conversion and the problems involved. It also became obvious to us that the conversion of former BTW facilities should be discussed with respect to the necessity of peaceful internatioual cooperation in areas related to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. An additional reason to discuss matters of peaceful cooperation is that cooperation is explictly requested by Article X of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention.


NATO Nation Pathogen USA biotechnology

Editors and affiliations

  • Erhard Geissler
    • 1
  • Lajos Gazsó
    • 2
  • Ernst Buder
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular MedicineBerlin-BuchGermany
  2. 2.National Research Institute for Radiobiology and RadiohygieneBudapestHungary

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-5250-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-5306-5
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-1820
  • Buy this book on publisher's site