Real Alternatives, Leibniz’s Metaphysics of Choice

  • Reginald Osburn Savage

Part of the Philosophical Studies Series book series (PSSP, volume 74)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Reginald Osburn Savage
    Pages 1-19
  3. Reginald Osburn Savage
    Pages 20-49
  4. Reginald Osburn Savage
    Pages 50-77
  5. Reginald Osburn Savage
    Pages 78-98
  6. Reginald Osburn Savage
    Pages 99-131
  7. Reginald Osburn Savage
    Pages 132-148
  8. Reginald Osburn Savage
    Pages 149-174
  9. Reginald Osburn Savage
    Pages 175-182
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 183-198

About this book


In the `Preliminary Dissertation' of his Theodicy, Leibniz declares himself an apologist for the compatibilist doctrines of original sin, election and reprobation propounded by the theologians of the Augsburg Confession. According to those theologians, man's actions are determined but man retains the power to act otherwise and therefore is responsible for his actions. Savage argues that Leibniz, in formulating his apology, availed himself of both his doctrine of possible worlds and his finite-infinite analysis distinction (the latter being applied within the former). Savage challenges the dogma that Leibniz's metaphysical principles entail that individuals are powerless to act otherwise and that God cannot conceive of them acting otherwise. He argues that interpreters deduce the dogma from those principles with the aid of dubious extra-textual premises, for example, that a Leibnizian individual has only one complete concept or cannot be persons other than the person it actually is.


Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz argue metaphysics

Authors and affiliations

  • Reginald Osburn Savage
    • 1
  1. 1.North Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Bibliographic information