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Carbyne and Carbynoid Structures

  • Robert B. Heimann
  • Sergey E. Evsyukov
  • Ladislav Kavan

Part of the Physics and Chemistry of Materials with Low-Dimensional Structures book series (PCMALS, volume 21)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Introduction

    1. Yu P. Kudryavtsev
      Pages 1-6
    2. R. B. Heimann
      Pages 7-15
  3. Carbyne and carbynoid structures in nature

    1. L. Kavan, R. B. Heimann
      Pages 31-38
  4. Syntheses of carbyne and carbynoid structures

    1. Catalytic and electrochemical polycondensation reactions

      1. Yu P. Kudryavtsev
        Pages 39-45
      2. M. Kijima, H. Shirakawa
        Pages 47-54
    2. Chemical, photo-, and electrochemical transformation of polymers

    3. Pyrolytic methods

      1. A. Sokołowska, A. Olszyna
        Pages 117-131
      2. S. E. Evsyukov
        Pages 133-138
    4. Phase transformation of carbon materials

      1. R. B. Heimann, S. Tanuma
        Pages 139-158
      2. V. G. Babaev, M. B. Guseva
        Pages 159-171
      3. J. I. Kleiman, K. Yamada, A. B. Sawaoka, R. B. Heimann
        Pages 173-187
    5. L. Kavan
      Pages 189-214
  5. Structural models of carbyne

    1. R. B. Heimann
      Pages 235-268
    2. I. A. Udod
      Pages 269-294
    3. A. G. Fitzgerald
      Pages 295-308
  6. Properties of carbyne and carbynoid structures

    1. S. E. Evsyukov
      Pages 309-316
    2. B. V. Lebedev
      Pages 317-331
    3. E. M. Baitinger
      Pages 333-341
  7. Molecular and electron spectroscopy of carbyne structures

    1. L. Kavan, J. Kastner
      Pages 343-356
    2. D. P. Ertchak
      Pages 357-369
    3. L. A. Pesin
      Pages 371-394
  8. Suggested technical applications of carbyne materials

    1. R. B. Heimann
      Pages 409-425
    2. V. I. Kirpatovsky
      Pages 427-435
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 437-446

About this book

Introduction

1.1. THE DISCOVERY OF CARBYNE Yu.P. KUDRYA VTSEV A.N. Nesmeyanov Institute ofOrganoelement Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117813 Moscow, Russia Abstract - The history of the discovery of carbyne is briefly recalled. The existence of carbyne was first disclosed by Russian researchers in 1960. It was obtained for the first time via oxidative dehydropolycondensation of acetylene based on the Glaser coupling of ethynyl compounds. 1. Introduction The polymeric nature of carbon was first pointed out by Mendeleev. He wrote: "The molecules of coal, graphite, and diamond are very complicated, and carbon atoms exhibit the capability of binding one to another to form complex molecules in all compounds of carbon. None of the elements possesses an ability of complicating in such an extent as does carbon. There is still no basis to define the polymerization degree of the coal, graphite, or diamond molecules. One should believe, however that they contain en species, where 'n' is a large value" [IJ. Until the 1960s only two allotropic forms of carbon were known, viz., graphite and diamond, including their polymorphous modifications. For a long time 'amorphous carbon' was also included among the simple forms. Presently, however, the structure of amorphous and quasi-amorphous carbons (such as carbon blacks, soot, cokes, glassy carbon, etc.) is known to approach that of graphite to various degrees [2J.

Keywords

Compound chemistry materials science polymer polymers spectroscopy

Editors and affiliations

  • Robert B. Heimann
    • 1
  • Sergey E. Evsyukov
    • 2
  • Ladislav Kavan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MineralogyFreiberg University of Mining and TechnologyFreibergGermany
  2. 2.A.N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organo-Element CompoundsThe Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.J. Heyrovsky Institute of Physical ChemistryPragueCzech Republic

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4742-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-5993-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-4742-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0924-6339
  • Buy this book on publisher's site