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The World Environment 1972–1992

Two decades of challenge

  • Mostafa K. Tolba
  • Osama A. El-Kholy

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. The Issues

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-3
    2. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 5-31
    3. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 33-59
    4. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 61-81
    5. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 83-103
    6. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 105-130
    7. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 131-155
    8. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 157-182
    9. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 183-214
    10. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 215-245
    11. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 247-275
  3. Causes and Consequences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 277-279
    2. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 281-320
    3. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 321-371
    4. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 373-403
    5. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 405-447
    6. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 449-471
    7. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 473-503
    8. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 505-527
    9. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 529-567
    10. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 569-597
  4. The Response

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 599-601
    2. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 603-657
    3. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 659-692
    4. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 693-736
    5. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 737-798
  5. Looking Ahead

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 799-799
    2. Mostafa K. Tolba, Osama A. El-Kholy
      Pages 801-823
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 825-884

About this book

Introduction

Our planet is under siege. Assaults on the atmosphere -the greenhouse effect, the depletion of the ozone layer and increasing air pollution - pose a still­ unquantified threat to human life. The dumping of hazardous wastes, and land­ based sources of pollution, present a similar threat to the oceans. On land we are destroying a tropical forest the size of Austria every year, and more than a hundred species of wild plants and animals are lost forever each day. When the General Assembly of the United Nations established UNEP it charged us with reporting on the changing state of the world's environment, tracking the underlying causes of change, and working with governments to develop responses to those changes. Every year since 1974, UNEP has produced a State of the Environment report, focusing on one or more emerging environmental issues and always stressing the human factor -the impact of environmental quality on people and society. Three times since its inception (1982, 198 7 and 1992) UNEP has undertaken a more wide-ranging study. The results of the present study are the most disturbing of the three. However, not all the signs are negative. Throughout the 19 70s and into the 1980s, UNEP was able to report progress in some important areas. Environmental monitoring capacity was being rapidly improved in many parts of the world, and Ministries of the Environment were being set up in an attempt to deal with environmental threats in a more coherent way.

Keywords

air atmosphere climate climate change environment health land degradation ocean transport

Editors and affiliations

  • Mostafa K. Tolba
    • 1
  • Osama A. El-Kholy
    • 2
  1. 1.United Nations Environment ProgrammeNairobiKenya
  2. 2.Cairo UniversityEgypt

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-2280-1
  • Copyright Information United Nations Environment Programme 1992
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-5011-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-2280-1
  • Buy this book on publisher's site