Fluids in the Crust

Equilibrium and transport properties

  • K. I. Shmulovich
  • B. W. D. Yardley
  • G. G. Gonchar

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Bruce W. D. Yardley, Kirill I. Shmulovich
    Pages 1-12
  3. Vilen A. Zharikov
    Pages 13-42
  4. Kirill I. Shmulovich, Vladimir I. Sorokin, Georgiy P. Zaraisky
    Pages 43-56
  5. Alexander V. Zotov, Aleksey V. Kudrin, Konstantin A. Levin, Nadezhda D. Shikina, Lidia N. Var’yash
    Pages 95-137
  6. Kirill I. Shmulovich, Sergey I. Tkachenko, Natalia V. Plyasunova
    Pages 193-214
  7. Georgiy P. Zaraisky, Victor N. Balashov
    Pages 253-284
  8. Vyacheslav M. Shmonov, Valentina M. Vitovtova, Irina V. Zarubina
    Pages 285-313
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 315-323

About this book


For much of the 20th century, scientific contacts between the Soviet Union and western countries were few and far between, and often super­ ficial. In earth sciences, ideas and data were slow to cross the Iron Curtain, and there was considerable mutual mistrust of diverging scient­ ific philosophies. In geochemistry, most western scientists were slow to appreciate the advances being made in the Soviet Union by os. Korz­ hinskii, who put the study of ore genesis on a rigorous thermodynamic basis as early as the 1930s. Korzhinskii appreciated that the most fun­ damental requirement for the application of quantitative models is data on mineral and fluid behaviour at the elevated pressures and temper­ atures that occur in the Earth's crust. He began the work at the Institute of Experimental Mineralogy (IEM) in 1965, and it became a separate establishment of the Academy of Sciences in Chernogolovka in 1969. The aim was to initiate a major programme of high P-T experimental studies to apply physical chemistry and thermodynamics to resolving geological problems. For many years, Chernogolovka was a closed city, and western scient­ ists were unable to visit the laboratories, but with the advent of peres­ troika in 1989, the first groups of visitors were eagerly welcomed to the IEM. What they found was an experimental facility on a massive scale, with 300 staff, including 80 researchers and most of the rest pro­ viding technical support.


Greisen carr formation metamorphism mineral mineralogy temperature thermodynamics transport water

Editors and affiliations

  • K. I. Shmulovich
    • 1
  • B. W. D. Yardley
    • 2
  • G. G. Gonchar
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Experimental MineralogyRussian Academy of SciencesRussia
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of LeedsUK

Bibliographic information