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Interstitial Intermetallic Alloys

  • Fernande Grandjean
  • Gary J. Long
  • K. H. J. Buschow

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 281)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. K. H. J. Buschow, Gary J. Long, Fernande Grandjean
    Pages 1-6
  3. Fernande Grandjean, Gary J. Long
    Pages 7-21
  4. Umberto Russo, Francesca Capolongo
    Pages 23-41
  5. Ted B. Flanagan
    Pages 43-76
  6. A. Percheron Guegan
    Pages 77-105
  7. P. Dantzer
    Pages 107-150
  8. H. R. Schober
    Pages 197-223
  9. W. B. Yelon
    Pages 225-248
  10. H. R. Schober
    Pages 249-266
  11. P. C. Riedi, J. S. Lord
    Pages 267-292
  12. H. R. Schober
    Pages 293-316
  13. K. H. J. Buschow
    Pages 349-369
  14. Fernande Grandjean, Gary J. Long
    Pages 463-496
  15. E. H. Büchler, M. Hirscher, H. Kronmüller
    Pages 521-539
  16. R. Skomski, N. M. Dempsey
    Pages 653-671
  17. Back Matter
    Pages 673-728

About this book

Introduction

It is well known that the density of molecular hydrogen can be increased by compression and/or cooling, the ultimate limit in density being that of liquid hydrogen. It is less well known that hydrogen densities of twice that of liquid hydrogen can be obtained by intercalating hydrogen gas into metals. The explanation of this unusual paradox is that the absorption of molecular hydrogen, which in TiFe and LaNis is reversible and occurs at ambient temperature and pressure, involves the formation of hydrogen atoms at the surface of a metal. The adsorbed hydrogen atom then donates its electron to the metal conduction band and migrates into the metal as the much smaller proton. These protons are easily accomodated in interstitial sites in the metal lattice, and the resulting metal hydrides can be thought of as compounds formed by the reaction of hydrogen with metals, alloys, and intermetallic compounds. The practical applications of metal hydrides span a wide range of technologies, a range which may be subdivided on the basis of the hydride property on which the application is based. The capacity of the metal hydrides for hydrogen absorption is the basis for batteries as well as for hydrogen storage, gettering, and purification. The temperature-pressure characteristics of metal hydrides are the basis for hydrogen compressors, sensors, and actuators. The latent heat of the hydride formation is the basis for heat storage, heat pumps, and refrigerators.

Keywords

Absorption Magnetic Resonance NMR chemistry crystal hydrogen materials science metal nuclear magnetic resonance thermodynamics

Editors and affiliations

  • Fernande Grandjean
    • 1
  • Gary J. Long
    • 2
  • K. H. J. Buschow
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsUniversity of LiègeSart-TilmanBelgium
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Missouri-RollaRollaUSA
  3. 3.Van der Waals-Zeeman LaboratoryUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0295-7
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-4130-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-0295-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site